This page contains a list of the greatest Kirghiz Politicians. The pantheon dataset contains 15,577 Politicians, 24 of which were born in Kyrgyzstan. This makes Kyrgyzstan the birth place of the 97th most number of Politicians behind Bangladesh and Nigeria.
The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Kirghiz Politicians of all time. This list of famous Kirghiz Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Kirghiz Politicians.
With an HPI of 60.50, Askar Akayev is the most famous Kirghiz Politician. His biography has been translated into 48 different languages on wikipedia.
Askar Akayevich Akayev (Kyrgyz: Аскар Акаевич (Акай уулу) Акаев, romanized: Askar Akayevich (Akay Uulu) Akayev; [ɑsqɑr ɑqɑjevitʃ ɑqɑjev]; born 10 November 1944) is a Kyrgyz politician who served as President of Kyrgyzstan from 1990 until being overthrown in the March 2005 Tulip Revolution.
With an HPI of 59.42, Kurmanbek Bakiyev is the 2nd most famous Kirghiz Politician. His biography has been translated into 56 different languages.
Kurmanbek Saliyevich Bakiyev (Kyrgyz: Курманбек Салиевич (Сали уулу) Бакиев, Kurmanbek Saliyevich (Sali Uulu) Bakiyev; born 1 August 1949) is a Kyrgyz politician who served as the second President of Kyrgyzstan, from 2005 to 2010. Large opposition protests in April 2010 led to the takeover of government offices, forcing Bakiyev to flee the country. Bakiyev was the leader of the People's Movement of Kyrgyzstan before his ascendance to the presidency. He received most of his popular support from the south of the country. The Legislative Assembly of Kyrgyzstan of the Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan appointed him acting President on 25 March 2005, following the ousting, during the Tulip Revolution, of President Askar Akayev. In October 2007, Bakiyev initiated the creation of Ak Jol party, but could not lead it due to his presidency.
With an HPI of 58.87, Roza Otunbayeva is the 3rd most famous Kirghiz Politician. Her biography has been translated into 56 different languages.
Roza Isakovna Otunbayeva (Kyrgyz: Роза Исаковна (Исак кызы) Отунбаева, Roza Isakovna (Isak kyzy) Otunbayeva; born August 23, 1950) is a Kyrgyz diplomat and politician who served as the President of Kyrgyzstan from 7 April 2010 until 1 December 2011, becoming the first female Central Asian head of state. She was sworn in on July 3, 2010, after acting as interim leader following the 2010 April Revolution, which led to the ousting of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. She previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs and as head of the parliamentary caucus for the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan. Since 2022, Otunbayeva has been serving as United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres’ Special Representative for Afghanistan and Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA).
With an HPI of 58.60, Sabuktigin is the 4th most famous Kirghiz Politician. His biography has been translated into 27 different languages.
Abu Mansur Nasir al-Din Sabuktigin (Persian: ابو منصور سبکتگین) (c. 942 – August 997), also spelled as Sabuktagin, Sabuktakin, Sebüktegin and Sebük Tigin, was the founder of the Ghaznavid dynasty, ruling from 367 A.H/977 A.D to 387 A.H/997 A.D. In Turkic the name means beloved prince.Sabuktigin lived as a slave during his youth and later married the daughter of his master Alptigin, the man who seized the region of Ghazna (modern Ghazni Province in Afghanistan). Alptigin and Sabuktigin still recognized Samanid authority, and it was not until the reign of Sabuktigin's son Mahmud that the rulers of Ghazni became independent.When his father-in-law Alptigin died, Sabuktigin became the new ruler and expanded the kingdom after defeating Jayapala of Udabhandapura to cover the territory as far as the Neelum River in Kashmir and the Indus River in what is now Pakistan.
With an HPI of 56.97, Kurmanjan Datka is the 5th most famous Kirghiz Politician. Her biography has been translated into 16 different languages.
Kurmanjan Datka (Kyrgyz: Курманжан Датка) or Datka Kurmanjan Mamatbay kyzy (1811 – 1 February 1907), also known as "The Tsaritsa of Alai" or "The Queen of the South", was a politician in Kyrgyzstan who acquiesced under duress to the annexation of that region to Russia.
With an HPI of 56.66, Almazbek Atambayev is the 6th most famous Kirghiz Politician. His biography has been translated into 63 different languages.
Almazbek Sharshen uulu Atambayev (Kyrgyz: Алмазбек Шаршен уулу Атамбаев, romanized: Almazbek Şarşen uulu Atambayev; born 17 September 1956) is a Kyrgyz politician who served as the President of Kyrgyzstan from 1 December 2011 to 24 November 2017. He was Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan from 17 December 2010 to 1 December 2011, and from 29 March 2007 to 28 November 2007. He served as Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan (SDPK) from 30 July 1999 to 23 September 2011. In August 2019, Atambayev was imprisoned, facing charges of corruption and manslaughter. On 5 October 2020, election protestors freed him from prison. After a failed assassination attempt, however, he was imprisoned again on 10 October.
With an HPI of 56.46, Sooronbay Jeenbekov is the 7th most famous Kirghiz Politician. His biography has been translated into 53 different languages.
Sooronbay Sharip uulu Jeenbekov ([soːrɔmˈbɑj ɕɑˈrip uːˈɫʊ d͡ʒeːmˈbɛkɤf]; Kyrgyz: Сооронбай Шарип уулу Жээнбеков, romanized: Sooronbay Şarip uulu Jeenbekov; born 16 November 1958) is a Kyrgyz politician who served as the 5th President of Kyrgyzstan from 2017 until his resignation in 2020, following a week of protests. Prior to that he served as the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan from April 2016 to August 2017.Jeenbekov in the beginning was widely viewed to continue his predecessor Almazbek Atambayev's policies with whom he had held close relations prior before since the 1990's that enabled Jeenbekov to rise in political ranks until two parties faced political fallout just months after he assuming office eventually leading to Atambayev's arrest and an end of his influence in Kyrgyz politics. During his presidential term, Jeenbekov dealt with issues specifically in foreign policy and corruption in which several juridical reforms were implemented to improve public trust. In spite of that, Kyrgyzstan under Jeenbekov faced a growth of organised crime and government corruption and lack of economic development which was negatively affected upon the COVID-19 pandemic and was accused of downplaying the alleged cases of electoral fraud in the 2020 parliamentary elections that resulted in public scrutiny and his resignation amidst political unrest over the disputed election results. He was succeeded by Sadyr Japarov who would go on to serve as an acting president and prime minister for short period of time before being officially elected in the 2021 presidential elections.
With an HPI of 54.48, Sadyr Japarov is the 8th most famous Kirghiz Politician. His biography has been translated into 41 different languages.
Sadyr Nurgojoyevich Japarov (sometimes Zhaparov) ([sɑ'dɯr nurʁo'd͡ʒojevit͡ʃ d͡ʒɑ'pɑrof]; Kyrgyz: Садыр Нургожо уулу Жапаров, romanized: Sadyr Nurghozho uulu Zhaparov; born 6 December 1968) is a Kyrgyz politician who has served as the president of Kyrgyzstan since 28 January 2021. He had previously served as the acting prime minister of Kyrgyzstan in the 2020 interim government following the resignation of Sooronbay Jeenbekov on 15 October 2020 amidst electoral protests. Japarov also became acting president of Kyrgyzstan after Jeenbekov's resignation but resigned himself on 14 November 2020. On 10 January 2021, Japarov was elected president.
With an HPI of 51.28, Boris Pankin is the 9th most famous Kirghiz Politician. His biography has been translated into 17 different languages.
Boris Dimitrievich Pankin (Russian: Борис Дмитриевич Панкин; born 20 February 1931, in Frunze) is a former Soviet diplomat who served as acting Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR for a brief period in 1991.
With an HPI of 45.71, Felix Kulov is the 10th most famous Kirghiz Politician. His biography has been translated into 24 different languages.
Felix Sharshenbayevich Kulov (Russian: Феликс Шаршенбаевич Кулов; Kyrgyz: Феликс Шаршенбаевич (Шаршенбай уулу) Кулов, Feliks Sharshenbayevich (Sharshenbay uulu) Kulov; born 29 October 1948) is a Kyrgyz politician who served as the 9th Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan from 2005 to 2007, following the Tulip Revolution. He first served from 1 September 2005 until he resigned on 19 December 2006. President Kurmanbek Bakiyev reappointed him acting Prime Minister the same day, but parliamentary opposition meant Bakiyev's attempts to renominate Kulov in January 2007 were unsuccessful, and on 29 January the assembly's members approved a replacement. Kulov cofounded and leads Ar-Namys, a political party, and chairs the People's Congress, an electoral alliance to which Ar-Namys belongs.
Pantheon has 24 people classified as politicians born between 942 and 1999. Of these 24, 22 (91.67%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include Askar Akayev, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, and Roza Otunbayeva. The most famous deceased politicians include Sabuktigin and Kurmanjan Datka. As of April 2022, 7 new politicians have been added to Pantheon including Kurmanjan Datka, Sadyr Japarov, and Ishenbai Kadyrbekov.
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