The Most Famous

PAINTERS from Denmark

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This page contains a list of the greatest Danish Painters. The pantheon dataset contains 1,428 Painters, 22 of which were born in Denmark. This makes Denmark the birth place of the 14th most number of Painters behind Poland and Austria.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Danish Painters of all time. This list of famous Danish Painters is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Danish Painters.

Photo of Lili Elbe

1. Lili Elbe (1882 - 1931)

With an HPI of 77.97, Lili Elbe is the most famous Danish Painter.  Her biography has been translated into 42 different languages on wikipedia.

Lili Ilse Elvenes (born Einar Magnus Andreas Wegener; 28 December 1882 – 13 September 1931), better known as Lili Elbe, was a Danish painter and transgender woman, and among the early recipients of sex reassignment surgery. She was a successful painter under her birth name. After transitioning in 1930, she changed her legal name to Lili Ilse Elvenes and stopped painting; she later adopted the surname Elbe. She died from complications following a uterus transplant. The US and UK English versions of her semi-autobiographical narrative were published posthumously in 1933 under the title Man into Woman: An Authentic Record of a Change of Sex.

Photo of Gerda Wegener

2. Gerda Wegener (1886 - 1940)

With an HPI of 74.43, Gerda Wegener is the 2nd most famous Danish Painter.  Her biography has been translated into 33 different languages.

Gerda Marie Fredrikke Wegener (née Gottlieb; 15 March 1886 – 28 July 1940) was a Danish illustrator and painter. Wegener is known for her fashion illustrations and later her paintings that pushed the boundaries of gender and love of her time. These works were classified as Lesbian erotica at times and many were inspired by her partner, the transgender woman Lili Elbe. Wegener employed these works in the styles of Art Nouveau and later Art Deco.

Photo of Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark

3. Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark (1656 - 1693)

With an HPI of 72.38, Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark is the 3rd most famous Danish Painter.  Her biography has been translated into 33 different languages.

Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark and Norway (11 September 1656 – 26 July 1693) was Queen of Sweden as the wife of King Charles XI. The name Ulrike is a Danish version of the name; in Swedish she is called Ulrika Eleonora den äldre (English: Ulrica Eleanor the Elder), to distinguish her from her daughter, the future queen regnant.

Photo of Vilhelm Hammershøi

4. Vilhelm Hammershøi (1864 - 1916)

With an HPI of 70.50, Vilhelm Hammershøi is the 4th most famous Danish Painter.  His biography has been translated into 23 different languages.

Vilhelm Hammershøi (pronunciation ), often written in English Vilhelm Hammershoi (15 May 1864 – 13 February 1916), was a Danish painter. He is known for his poetic, subdued portraits and interiors.

Photo of Nicolai Abildgaard

5. Nicolai Abildgaard (1743 - 1809)

With an HPI of 69.22, Nicolai Abildgaard is the 5th most famous Danish Painter.  His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.

Nicolai Abraham Abildgaard (11 September 1743 – 4 June 1809) was a Danish neoclassical and royal history painter, sculptor, architect, and professor of painting, mythology, and anatomy at the New Royal Danish Academy of Art in Copenhagen, Denmark. Many of his works were in the royal Christiansborg Palace (some destroyed by fire 1794), Fredensborg Palace, and Levetzau Palace at Amalienborg.

Photo of Anna Ancher

6. Anna Ancher (1859 - 1935)

With an HPI of 68.93, Anna Ancher is the 6th most famous Danish Painter.  Her biography has been translated into 26 different languages.

Anna Ancher (18 August 1859 – 15 April 1935) was a Danish artist associated with the Skagen Painters, an artist colony on the northern point of Jylland, Denmark. She is considered to be one of Denmark's greatest visual artists.

Photo of Asger Jorn

7. Asger Jorn (1914 - 1973)

With an HPI of 68.26, Asger Jorn is the 7th most famous Danish Painter.  His biography has been translated into 23 different languages.

Asger Oluf Jorn (3 March 1914 – 1 May 1973) was a Danish painter, sculptor, ceramic artist, and author. He was a founding member of the avant-garde movement COBRA and the Situationist International. He was born in Vejrum, in the northwest corner of Jutland, Denmark, and baptized Asger Oluf Jørgensen. The largest collection of Asger Jorn's works—including his major work Stalingrad—can be seen in the Museum Jorn, Silkeborg, Denmark. Asger Jorn willed his property and the works of art located inside to the Municipality of Albissola Marina (Savona), so the Italian museum called "Casa Museo Jorn" was created for displaying his works.

Photo of Carl Bloch

8. Carl Bloch (1834 - 1890)

With an HPI of 68.21, Carl Bloch is the 8th most famous Danish Painter.  His biography has been translated into 27 different languages.

Carl Heinrich Bloch (23 May 1834 – 22 February 1890) was a Danish artist.

Photo of Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg

9. Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg (1783 - 1853)

With an HPI of 67.66, Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg is the 9th most famous Danish Painter.  His biography has been translated into 27 different languages.

Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg (2 January 1783 – 22 July 1853) was a Danish painter. He was born in Blåkrog in the southern part of Jutland in Denmark. He went on to lay the foundation for the period of art known as the Golden Age of Danish Painting, and is referred to as the "Father of Danish painting".

Photo of Michael Ancher

10. Michael Ancher (1849 - 1927)

With an HPI of 66.36, Michael Ancher is the 10th most famous Danish Painter.  His biography has been translated into 29 different languages.

Michael Peter Ancher (9 June 1849 – 19 September 1927) was a Danish realist artist, and widely known for his paintings of fishermen, the lakes, and other scenes from the Danish fishing community in Skagen.

Pantheon has 22 people classified as painters born between 1656 and 1938. Of these 22, 1 (4.55%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living painters include Kurt Westergaard. The most famous deceased painters include Lili Elbe, Gerda Wegener, and Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark. As of October 2020, 3 new painters have been added to Pantheon including Laurits Tuxen, Theodor Philipsen, and Else Alfelt.

Living Painters

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Deceased Painters

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Newly Added Painters (2020)

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Which Painters were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 20 most globally memorable Painters since 1700.