Robert I, Duke of Parma

1848 - 1907

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Robert I (Italian: Roberto Carlo Luigi Maria) (French: Robert Charles Louis Marie) ; 9 July 1848 – 16 November 1907) was the last sovereign Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1854 until 1859, when the duchy was annexed to Sardinia-Piedmont during the Risorgimento. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Robert I, Duke of Parma has received more than 595,224 page views. His biography is available in 27 different languages on Wikipedia (down from 28 in 2019). Robert I, Duke of Parma is the 2,686th most popular politician (down from 2,081st in 2019), the 914th most popular biography from Italy (down from 763rd in 2019) and the 187th most popular Italian Politician.

Robert I, Duke of Parma is most famous for being the founder of the House of Bourbon-Parma.

Memorability Metrics

  • 600k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 63.77

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 27

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.02

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.18

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Robert I, Duke of Parma ranks 2,686 out of 19,576Before him are Ségolène Royal, Palamedes, Gim Yu-sin, Richard I of Normandy, Ahmed Qurei, and Zhang Liang. After him are Princess Charlotte of Wales, Aleksandar Ranković, Rudy Giuliani, Christopher I of Denmark, Guillaume Henri Dufour, and Anastasio Somoza Debayle.

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Among people born in 1848, Robert I, Duke of Parma ranks 14Before him are Otto of Bavaria, Joris-Karl Huysmans, Arthur Balfour, Tōgō Heihachirō, Hugo de Vries, and Albert I, Prince of Monaco. After him are Wyatt Earp, Wilhelm Windelband, Viktor Vasnetsov, Aleksey Kuropatkin, Stepan Makarov, and William II of Württemberg. Among people deceased in 1907, Robert I, Duke of Parma ranks 13Before him are Henri Moissan, Hector Malot, Joris-Karl Huysmans, Alfred Jarry, Giosuè Carducci, and Pierre Janssen. After him are Asaph Hall, Joseph Joachim, Jean Casimir-Perier, Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar, Kato Svanidze, and Princess Clémentine of Orléans.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Robert I, Duke of Parma ranks 914 out of 5,161Before him are Cola di Rienzo (1313), Michele Placido (1946), Isabella Rossellini (1952), Angelo Sodano (1927), Pope Severinus (600), and Theognis of Megara (-570). After him are Dionysius II of Syracuse (-397), William I of Sicily (1126), Vincenzo Scamozzi (1548), Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus (-300), Elena Cornaro Piscopia (1646), and Silas (1).


Among politicians born in Italy, Robert I, Duke of Parma ranks 187Before him are Ladislaus of Naples (1377), Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo (5), Beatrice of Naples (1457), Alfonso II of Naples (1448), Giuseppe Guarneri (1698), and Cola di Rienzo (1313). After him are Dionysius II of Syracuse (-397), William I of Sicily (1126), Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus (-300), Quirinius (-45), Sandro Pertini (1896), and Ferdinand Philippe, Duke of Orléans (1810).