Philippe Pinel

1745 - 1826

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Philippe Pinel (French: [pinɛl]; 20 April 1745 – 25 October 1826) was a French physician, precursor of psychiatry and incidentally a zoologist. He was instrumental in the development of a more humane psychological approach to the custody and care of psychiatric patients, referred to today as moral therapy. He worked for the abolition of the shackling of mental patients by chains and, more generally, for the humanisation of their treatment. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Philippe Pinel has received more than 307,773 page views. His biography is available in 33 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 31 in 2019). Philippe Pinel is the 42nd most popular physician (up from 51st in 2019), the 469th most popular biography from France and the 8th most popular French Physician.

Pinel is most famous for his treatment of the mentally ill in the 18th century. He was one of the first to advocate for humane treatment of the mentally ill, and he was one of the first to study mental illness as a medical condition.

Memorability Metrics

  • 310k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.42

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 33

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.59

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.88

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Philippe Pinels by language


Among physicians, Philippe Pinel ranks 42 out of 509Before him are Emil Kraepelin, Rita Levi-Montalcini, Samuel Hahnemann, Otto Heinrich Warburg, Hua Tuo, and Ambroise Paré. After him are Joseph Lister, Eugen Bleuler, Marcello Malpighi, António Egas Moniz, Christiaan Barnard, and François Duvalier.

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Among people born in 1745, Philippe Pinel ranks 4Before him are Alessandro Volta, Mikhail Kutuzov, and John Jay. After him are Maria Luisa of Spain, Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria, Carl Stamitz, Levin August von Bennigsen, Johan Christian Fabricius, Andrianampoinimerina, Casimir Pulaski, and Fyodor Ushakov. Among people deceased in 1826, Philippe Pinel ranks 5Before him are Thomas Jefferson, Carl Maria von Weber, John Adams, and Joseph von Fraunhofer. After him are René Laennec, Giuseppe Piazzi, John VI of Portugal, Stamford Raffles, Joseph Proust, Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, and Elizabeth Alexeievna.

Others Born in 1745

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Others Deceased in 1826

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In France

Among people born in France, Philippe Pinel ranks 469 out of 5,234Before him are Gaspard Monge (1746), Pierre Beaumarchais (1732), Frédéric Passy (1822), Paul Bocuse (1926), Carus (230), and Marie François Sadi Carnot (1837). After him are Peter the Hermit (1050), Louis Renault (1843), Arthur Honegger (1892), Siméon Denis Poisson (1781), Jacques Hébert (1757), and Hortense de Beauharnais (1783).

Among PHYSICIANS In France

Among physicians born in France, Philippe Pinel ranks 8Before him are Jean-Martin Charcot (1825), Joseph-Ignace Guillotin (1738), Claude Bernard (1813), Alexis Carrel (1873), Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran (1845), and Ambroise Paré (1510). After him are René Laennec (1781), Karl Brandt (1904), Louis Auguste Blanqui (1805), Hilary of Poitiers (315), Jean Nicot (1530), and Charles Nicolle (1866).