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Philippe Pinel

1745 - 1826

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Philippe Pinel (French: [pinɛl]; 20 April 1745 – 25 October 1826) was a French physician, precursor of psychiatry and incidentally a zoologist. He was instrumental in the development of a more humane psychological approach to the custody and care of psychiatric patients, referred to today as moral therapy. He worked for the abolition of the shackling of mental patients by chains and, more generally, for the humanisation of their treatment. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Philippe Pinel has received more than 382,609 page views. His biography is available in 33 different languages on Wikipedia. Philippe Pinel is the 54th most popular physician (down from 42nd in 2019), the 510th most popular biography from France (down from 468th in 2019) and the 10th most popular French Physician.

Pinel is most famous for his treatment of the mentally ill in the 18th century. He was one of the first to advocate for humane treatment of the mentally ill, and he was one of the first to study mental illness as a medical condition.

Memorability Metrics

  • 380k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.38

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 33

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.33

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.87

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Philippe Pinels by language


Among physicians, Philippe Pinel ranks 54 out of 502Before him are Francesco Redi, Karl Brandt, Jean-Martin Charcot, Hilary of Poitiers, Gerhard Domagk, and Rita Levi-Montalcini. After him are Hans Asperger, Hua Tuo, Robert Bellarmine, Christiaan Eijkman, René Laennec, and Niels Ryberg Finsen.

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Among people born in 1745, Philippe Pinel ranks 4Before him are Alessandro Volta, Mikhail Kutuzov, and John Jay. After him are Maria Luisa of Spain, Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria, Carl Stamitz, Levin August von Bennigsen, Andrianampoinimerina, Fyodor Ushakov, Valentin Haüy, and Johan Christian Fabricius. Among people deceased in 1826, Philippe Pinel ranks 6Before him are Thomas Jefferson, Carl Maria von Weber, John Adams, Joseph von Fraunhofer, and Giuseppe Piazzi. After him are René Laennec, John VI of Portugal, Joseph Proust, Elizabeth Alexeievna, Stamford Raffles, and Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.

Others Born in 1745

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Others Deceased in 1826

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In France

Among people born in France, Philippe Pinel ranks 510 out of 6,011Before him are Étienne de La Boétie (1530), Léon Blum (1872), Louis Aragon (1897), Louise de La Vallière (1644), Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans (1676), and Patrick Modiano (1945). After him are Henry I, Duke of Guise (1550), Joseph de Maistre (1753), Annie Girardot (1931), Joris-Karl Huysmans (1848), Antoine of Navarre (1518), and Louis-Alexandre Berthier (1753).

Among PHYSICIANS In France

Among physicians born in France, Philippe Pinel ranks 10Before him are Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran (1845), Claude Bernard (1813), Ambroise Paré (1510), Karl Brandt (1904), Jean-Martin Charcot (1825), and Hilary of Poitiers (315). After him are René Laennec (1781), Jean Nicot (1530), Louis Auguste Blanqui (1805), Charles Nicolle (1866), Marie François Xavier Bichat (1771), and Jean Marc Gaspard Itard (1774).