Mary of Modena

1658 - 1718

Mary of Modena

Mary of Modena (Italian: Maria di Modena) (Maria Beatrice Anna Margherita Isabella d'Este; 5 October [O.S. 25 September] 1658 – 7 May [O.S. 26 April] 1718) was queen consort of England, Scotland, and Ireland as the second wife of James II and VII (1633–1701). A devout Roman Catholic, Mary married the widower James, who was then the younger brother and heir presumptive of Charles II (1630–1685). She was uninterested in politics and devoted to James and their children, two of whom survived to adulthood: the Jacobite claimant to the thrones, James Francis Edward, and Louisa Maria Teresa.Born a princess of the northwestern Italian Duchy of Modena, Mary is primarily remembered for the controversial birth of James Francis Edward, her only surviving son. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Mary of Modena has received more than 438,399 page views. Her biography is available in 31 different languages on Wikipedia making her the 249th most popular companion.

Memorability Metrics

  • 440k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 60.01

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 31

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.22

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.29

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among companions, Mary of Modena ranks 250 out of 586Before her are Catherine of Valois, Eleanor of Castile, Cynthia Lennon, Emma of Normandy, Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and Sophie of Württemberg. After her are Catherine Opalińska, Dorothea of Brandenburg, Berengaria of Portugal, Juana Enríquez, Charles I, Duke of Bourbon, and Bertha of Holland.

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Among people born in 1658, Mary of Modena ranks 2Before her is Giuseppe Torelli. After her are Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine, Luigi Ferdinando Marsili, Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Ogata Kōrin, John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani, and Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac. Among people deceased in 1718, Mary of Modena ranks 5Before her are Charles XII of Sweden, Blackbeard, Alexei Petrovich, Tsarevich of Russia, and William Penn. After her are Stede Bonnet, Philippe de La Hire, Vincenzo Coronelli, Charles, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst, and Jacques Ozanam.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Mary of Modena ranks 1,082 out of 3,282Before her are Cecilia Gallerani (1473), Persius (34), Antonio da Sangallo the Younger (1484), Elsa Morante (1912), Alessandro Allori (1535), and Zita (1212). After her are Henry of Bohemia (1265), Giovanni Paolo Panini (1691), Paolo Conte (1937), Gelon (-600), Pope Martin I (590), and Elsa Schiaparelli (1890).


Among companions born in Italy, Mary of Modena ranks 26Before her are Faustina the Elder (105), Rachele Mussolini (1890), Constance of Sicily, Queen of Aragon (1249), Vibia Sabina (86), Julia (-76), and Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies (1822). After her are Domitia Longina (100), Adelaide of Austria (1822), Amélie of Leuchtenberg (1812), Julia Drusilla (39), Bruttia Crispina (164), and Princess Luisa Carlotta of Naples and Sicily (1804).

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