Lazare Carnot

1753 - 1823

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Lazare Nicolas Marguerite, Comte Carnot (French pronunciation: [lazaʁ nikɔla maʁɡəʁit kaʁno]; 13 May 1753 – 2 August 1823) was a French mathematician, physicist, military officer, politician and a leading member of the Committee of Public Safety during the French Revolution. His military reforms, which included the introduction of mass conscription (levée en masse), were instrumental in transforming the French Revolutionary Army into an effective fighting force. Carnot was elected to the National Convention in 1792, and a year later he became a member of the Committee of Public Safety, where he directed the French war effort as one of the Ministers of War during the War of the First Coalition. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Lazare Carnot has received more than 415,727 page views. His biography is available in 50 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 48 in 2019). Lazare Carnot is the 1,713th most popular politician (up from 1,838th in 2019), the 595th most popular biography from France (up from 645th in 2019) and the 139th most popular French Politician.

Lazare Carnot was a French military engineer, politician, and mathematician. He was best known for his work on the Carnot cycle, a principle of thermodynamics.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 50

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.59

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.39

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Lazare Carnot ranks 1,713 out of 19,576Before him are Libius Severus, Marozia, Prince Maximilian of Baden, Munjong of Joseon, Sebastián Piñera, and Niels, King of Denmark. After him are Maria Josepha of Austria, Gongmin of Goryeo, Walther Rathenau, Werner von Fritsch, Jehu, and Fumio Kishida.

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Among people born in 1753, Lazare Carnot ranks 3Before him are Louis-Alexandre Berthier, and Joseph de Maistre. After him are Jean-Baptiste Kléber, Utamaro, Marie Joséphine of Savoy, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Benjamin Thompson, Phillis Wheatley, Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark, Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès, and Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, Duchess of Orléans. Among people deceased in 1823, Lazare Carnot ranks 5Before him are David Ricardo, Edward Jenner, Pope Pius VII, and Louis-Nicolas Davout. After him are Jacques Charles, Giovanni Battista Belzoni, Charles François Dumouriez, Ann Radcliffe, André-Jacques Garnerin, Edmund Cartwright, and Abraham-Louis Breguet.

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In France

Among people born in France, Lazare Carnot ranks 595 out of 6,770Before him are Augustin-Jean Fresnel (1788), Roger Garaudy (1913), Margaret of Anjou (1430), Françoise Hardy (1944), Antipope Clement VII (1342), and Jean-Jacques Annaud (1943). After him are Anaïs Nin (1903), Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine (1712), Alain Resnais (1922), Salome Zourabichvili (1952), Jean-Baptiste Kléber (1753), and Alfred Jarry (1873).


Among politicians born in France, Lazare Carnot ranks 139Before him are Bernard Tapie (1943), René of Anjou (1409), Alaric II (458), Paul Bocuse (1926), Francis, Duke of Guise (1519), and Margaret of Anjou (1430). After him are Salome Zourabichvili (1952), Fulk, King of Jerusalem (1092), Léon Blum (1872), Félix Faure (1841), Charles II of Navarre (1332), and Marie François Sadi Carnot (1837).