James Hutton

1726 - 1797

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James Hutton ( ; 3 June O.S. 1726 – 26 March 1797) was a Scottish geologist, agriculturalist, chemical manufacturer, naturalist and physician. Often referred to as the "Father of Modern Geology," he played a key role in establishing geology as a modern science. Hutton advanced the idea that the physical world's remote history can be inferred from evidence in present-day rocks. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of James Hutton has received more than 882,859 page views. His biography is available in 56 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 54 in 2019). James Hutton is the 9th most popular geologist (down from 8th in 2019), the 535th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 499th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular British Geologist.

James Hutton is most famous for the theory of uniformitarianism. He believed that the Earth was shaped by slow, gradual processes, and that these processes are still happening today.

Memorability Metrics

  • 880k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 64.28

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 56

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.05

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.07

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among geologists, James Hutton ranks 9 out of 90Before him are Charles Francis Richter, Nicolas Steno, Charles Lyell, Inge Lehmann, Andrija Mohorovičić, and Mary Anning. After him are Eduard Suess, Friedrich Mohs, Francis Beaufort, Vasily Dokuchaev, Abraham Gottlob Werner, and William Smith.

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Among people born in 1726, James Hutton ranks 4Before him are François-André Danican Philidor, Maria Teresa Rafaela of Spain, and Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia. After him are Jacob Frank, Gerard Majella, Franz Joseph I, Prince of Liechtenstein, Prince Henry of Prussia, Louise Henriette de Bourbon, Princess Louise of Denmark, Alexander Ypsilantis, and Daniel Chodowiecki. Among people deceased in 1797, James Hutton ranks 7Before him are Baron Munchausen, Frederick William II of Prussia, Edmund Burke, Mary Wollstonecraft, François-Noël Babeuf, and Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar. After him are Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern, Lazare Hoche, Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg, Vilna Gaon, Joseph Wright of Derby, and Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, James Hutton ranks 535 out of 8,785Before him are Stanley Baldwin (1867), William Lassell (1799), Eadweard Muybridge (1830), Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1844), Tom Wilkinson (1948), and Henry Every (1659). After him are Henry, Duke of Cornwall (1511), Donald Pleasence (1919), Graham Hill (1929), Oliver Sacks (1933), Gregory Bateson (1904), and Roger Glover (1945).

Among GEOLOGISTS In United Kingdom

Among geologists born in United Kingdom, James Hutton ranks 3Before him are Charles Lyell (1797), and Mary Anning (1799). After him are Eduard Suess (1831), William Smith (1769), Gideon Mantell (1790), William Buckland (1784), Adam Sedgwick (1785), Arthur Holmes (1890), John Phillips (1800), Henry Clifton Sorby (1826), and Joseph Thomson (1858).