Halford Mackinder

1861 - 1947

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Sir Halford John Mackinder (15 February 1861 – 6 March 1947) was a British geographer, academic and politician, who is regarded as one of the founding fathers of both geopolitics and geostrategy. He was the first Principal of University Extension College, Reading (which became the University of Reading) from 1892 to 1903, and Director of the London School of Economics from 1903 to 1908. While continuing his academic career part-time, he was also the Conservative and Unionist Member of Parliament for Glasgow Camlachie from 1910 to 1922. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Halford Mackinder has received more than 491,421 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 39 in 2019). Halford Mackinder is the 1,486th most popular politician (down from 1,265th in 2019), the 329th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 307th in 2019) and the 62nd most popular British Politician.

Halford Mackinder was a geographer who is most famous for his theory of the Heartland. He believed that the most important geopolitical region in the world was the Heartland, which is the center of Eurasia.

Memorability Metrics

  • 490k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.62

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.46

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.38

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Halford Mackinder ranks 1,486 out of 19,576Before him are Asparuh of Bulgaria, Michelle Bachelet, Marcus Furius Camillus, Manasseh of Judah, Javier Milei, and Emperor Xian of Han. After him are Vladimir II Monomakh, Emperor Yang of Sui, Genrikh Yagoda, Huni, Petro Poroshenko, and King Wu of Zhou.

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Among people born in 1861, Halford Mackinder ranks 13Before him are Charles Édouard Guillaume, Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, Victor Horta, Erich von Falkenhayn, Georgy Lvov, and Alfred North Whitehead. After him are James Naismith, Robert Bosch, José Rizal, Aristide Maillol, Frederick Gowland Hopkins, and Pehr Evind Svinhufvud. Among people deceased in 1947, Halford Mackinder ranks 17Before him are George II of Greece, Jozef Tiso, Victor Horta, Raoul Wallenberg, Alfred North Whitehead, and Ettore Bugatti. After him are Anton Denikin, Aung San, Ernst Lubitsch, Han van Meegeren, G. H. Hardy, and Karl Mannheim.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Halford Mackinder ranks 329 out of 8,785Before him are Frederick Soddy (1877), James V of Scotland (1512), Bonnie Tyler (1951), Alexander Selkirk (1676), Alfred North Whitehead (1861), and Robbie Coltrane (1950). After him are Graham Greene (1904), Morrissey (1959), William Hogarth (1697), John Galsworthy (1867), William Petty (1623), and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (1887).

Among POLITICIANS In United Kingdom

Among politicians born in United Kingdom, Halford Mackinder ranks 62Before him are Harold Macmillan (1894), Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1884), Harold Wilson (1916), Edmund Ironside (993), Edmund I (921), and James V of Scotland (1512). After him are Ecgberht, King of Wessex (800), Theresa May (1956), Arthur Balfour (1848), Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (1660), Harthacnut (1018), and Sweyn II of Denmark (1020).