Georges Méliès

1861 - 1938

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Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès (; French: [meljɛs]; 8 December 1861 – 21 January 1938) was a French magician, actor, and film director. He led many technical and narrative developments in the early days of cinema. Méliès was well known for the use of special effects, popularizing such techniques as substitution splices, multiple exposures, time-lapse photography, dissolves, and hand-painted colour. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Georges Méliès has received more than 3,109,898 page views. His biography is available in 72 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 65 in 2019). Georges Méliès is the 26th most popular film director (down from 22nd in 2019), the 254th most popular biography from France (down from 207th in 2019) and the 4th most popular French Film Director.

Georges Méliès is most famous for being the first person to use special effects in movies, like stop motion and time-lapse photography.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 72.52

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 72

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.34

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.61

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Georges Méliès by language

Over the past year Georges Méliès has had the most page views in the with 233,600 views, followed by French (86,765), and Spanish (62,289). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Cornish (120.99%), Haitian (117.17%), and Ido (81.15%)


Among film directors, Georges Méliès ranks 26 out of 2,041Before him are Sergio Leone, Jean-Luc Godard, Pedro Almodóvar, Francis Ford Coppola, Bernardo Bertolucci, and Agnès Varda. After him are Michelangelo Antonioni, George Lucas, Miloš Forman, Konstantin Stanislavski, Fritz Lang, and Roger Vadim.

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Among people born in 1861, Georges Méliès ranks 6Before him are Rabindranath Tagore, Mehmed VI, Rudolf Steiner, Fridtjof Nansen, and Lou Andreas-Salomé. After him are Charles Édouard Guillaume, Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, Victor Horta, Erich von Falkenhayn, Georgy Lvov, and Alfred North Whitehead. Among people deceased in 1938, Georges Méliès ranks 4Before him are Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Edmund Husserl, and Karel Čapek. After him are Charles Édouard Guillaume, Konstantin Stanislavski, Nikolai Bukharin, Kanō Jigorō, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Gabriele D'Annunzio, Béla Kun, and Faustina Kowalska.

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In France

Among people born in France, Georges Méliès ranks 254 out of 6,770Before him are Pope Callixtus II (1065), Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot (1796), Honoré Daumier (1808), Philip III of France (1245), Ferdinand Foch (1851), and Pope Leo IX (1002). After him are Serge Gainsbourg (1928), Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour (1810), Michel Platini (1955), Rudolf Diesel (1858), Stéphane Mallarmé (1842), and Pope Innocent V (1225).


Among film directors born in France, Georges Méliès ranks 4Before him are Roman Polanski (1933), François Truffaut (1932), and Jean-Luc Godard (1930). After him are Roger Vadim (1928), Luc Besson (1959), Jacques Tati (1907), Claude Chabrol (1930), Éric Rohmer (1920), Jean-Jacques Annaud (1943), Alain Resnais (1922), and William Wyler (1902).