Arthur Samuel

1901 - 1990

Arthur Samuel

Arthur Lee Samuel (December 5, 1901 – July 29, 1990) was an American pioneer in the field of computer gaming and artificial intelligence. He popularized the term "machine learning" in 1959. The Samuel Checkers-playing Program was among the world's first successful self-learning programs, and as such a very early demonstration of the fundamental concept of artificial intelligence (AI). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Arthur Samuel has received more than 225,325 page views. His biography is available in 16 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 99th most popular computer scientist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 230k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 44.89

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 16

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.20

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.69

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Arthur Samuels by language


Among computer scientists, Arthur Samuel ranks 98 out of 187Before him are Ruth Teitelbaum, Robert Taylor, Peter Norton, Eugene Kaspersky, Paul G. Comba, and Alan Shugart. After him are Gary McKinnon, Yukihiro Matsumoto, Bill Joy, Eugene Garfield, Evelyn Berezin, and Richard E. Stearns.

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Among people born in 1901, Arthur Samuel ranks 182Before him are Deborah Snyder, Samuel Zauber, Pyotr Novikov, Igor Ilyinsky, Aleksandr Andronov, and Aurora Mardiganian. After him are Grete Hermann, Raymond Firth, Mildred Davis, Henry Eyring, Bebe Daniels, and František Halas. Among people deceased in 1990, Arthur Samuel ranks 176Before him are Dries van der Lof, Alfredo Pián, Ramón Piñeiro López, David Hampshire, Aleksandra Chudina, and An Wang. After him are David Stirling, Georges de Rham, Bazilio Olara-Okello, Jack Gilford, Ludwig Lachmann, and Joe Mercer.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Arthur Samuel ranks 5,589 out of 12,171Before him are Monique Alexander (1982), Susan Wojcicki (1968), Robert Richardson (1955), Diana Muldaur (1938), Wendy Makkena (1958), and Andy Roddick (1982). After him are Eudora Welty (1909), Nathan East (1955), Stephen Greenblatt (1943), Joe Lando (1961), David Chase (1945), and Harold Becker (null).


Among computer scientists born in United States, Arthur Samuel ranks 57Before him are David A. Huffman (1925), Jean Bartik (1924), Ruth Teitelbaum (1924), Robert Taylor (1932), Peter Norton (1943), and Paul G. Comba (1926). After him are Bill Joy (1954), Eugene Garfield (1925), Richard E. Stearns (1936), Jaron Lanier (1960), Ed Roberts (1941), and Charles P. Thacker (1943).

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