The Most Famous

PAINTERS from Latvia

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This page contains a list of the greatest Latvian Painters. The pantheon dataset contains 1,428 Painters, 4 of which were born in Latvia. This makes Latvia the birth place of the 34th most number of Painters behind India and Belarus.

Top 4

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the most legendary Latvian Painters of all time. This list of famous Latvian Painters is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity.

Photo of Mark Rothko

1. Mark Rothko (1903 - 1970)

With an HPI of 76.75, Mark Rothko is the most famous Latvian Painter.  His biography has been translated into 56 different languages on wikipedia.

Mark Rothko (), born Markus Yakovlevich Rothkowitz (Russian: Ма́ркус Я́ковлевич Ротко́вич, Latvian: Markuss Rotkovičs; name not Anglicized until 1940; September 25, 1903 – February 25, 1970), was an American abstract painter of Latvian Jewish descent. He is best known for his color field paintings that depicted irregular and painterly rectangular regions of color, which he produced from 1949 to 1970. Although Rothko did not personally subscribe to any one school, he is associated with the American Abstract Expressionist movement of modern art. Originally emigrating to Portland, Oregon from Russia with his family, Rothko later moved to New York City where his youthful period of artistic production dealt primarily with urban scenery. In response to World War II, Rothko's art entered a transitional phase during the 1940s, where he experimented with mythological themes and Surrealism to express tragedy. Toward the end of the decade Rothko painted canvases with regions of pure color which he further abstracted into rectangular color forms, the idiom he would use for the rest of his life. In his later career, Rothko executed several canvases for three different mural projects. The Seagram murals were to have decorated the Four Seasons Restaurant in the Seagram Building, but Rothko eventually grew disgusted with the idea that his paintings would be decorative objects for wealthy diners and refunded the lucrative commission, donating the paintings to museums including the Tate Modern. The Harvard Mural series was gifted to a dining room in Harvard's Holyoke Center (now Smith Campus Center); their colors faded badly over time due to Rothko's use of the pigment Lithol Red together with regular sunlight exposure. The Harvard series has since been restored using a special lighting technique. Rothko contributed 14 canvases to a permanent installation at the Rothko Chapel, a non-denominational chapel in Houston, Texas. Although Rothko lived modestly for much of his life, the resale value of his paintings grew tremendously in the decades following his suicide in 1970.

Photo of Vilhelms Purvītis

2. Vilhelms Purvītis (1872 - 1945)

With an HPI of 61.71, Vilhelms Purvītis is the 2nd most famous Latvian Painter.  His biography has been translated into 19 different languages.

Vilhelms Purvītis (3 March 1872 in Zaube, Latvia – 14 January 1945 in Bad Nauheim, Germany) was a landscape painter and educator who founded the Latvian Academy of Art and was its rector from 1919 to 1934.

Photo of Janis Rozentāls

3. Janis Rozentāls (1866 - 1916)

With an HPI of 61.59, Janis Rozentāls is the 3rd most famous Latvian Painter.  Her biography has been translated into 17 different languages.

Janis Rozentāls (March 18, 1866 – December 26, 1916) was a famous Latvian painter.

Photo of Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarz

4. Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarz (1824 - )

With an HPI of 59.56, Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarz is the 4th most famous Latvian Painter.  Her biography has been translated into 16 different languages.

Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarz (27 October [O.S. 5] 1824 – 20 October [O.S. 7] 1902) was a Baltic German painter, primarily of portraits.

Pantheon has 4 people classified as painters born between 1824 and 1903. Of these 4, none of them are still alive today. The most famous deceased painters include Mark Rothko, Vilhelms Purvītis, and Janis Rozentāls. As of October 2020, 1 new painters have been added to Pantheon including Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarz.

Deceased Painters

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Newly Added Painters (2020)

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Which Painters were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 3 most globally memorable Painters since 1700.