1876 - 1938


Zitkála-Šá (1876–1938) (Lakota: Red Bird = Cardinal (bird)), also known as Gertrude Simmons Bonnin, her missionary-given and later married name, was a Yankton Dakota writer, editor, translator, musician, educator, and political activist. She wrote several works chronicling her struggles with cultural identity and the pull between the majority culture she was educated within and her Dakota culture into which she was born and raised. Her later books were among the first works to bring traditional Native American stories to a widespread white English-speaking readership, and she has been noted as one of the most influential Native American activists of the 20th century. Working with American musician William F. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Zitkala-Sa has received more than 303,770 page views. Her biography is available in 16 different languages on Wikipedia making her the 4,257th most popular writer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 300k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 42.00

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 16

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 2.15

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.92

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Page views of Zitkala-Sas by language


Among writers, Zitkala-Sa ranks 4,251 out of 4,883Before her are José Carlos Somoza, Han Kang, Alasdair Gray, Albert Aurier, Steven Pressfield, and Can Dündar. After her are Niccolò Ammaniti, Sarah Waters, Robert Edmond Grant, Duncan Regehr, Charles Simic, and Brian Friel.

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Among people born in 1876, Zitkala-Sa ranks 135Before her are Ellsworth Huntington, John Marshall, Stan Rowley, Gwen John, Gregory Mathews, and H. B. Warner. After her are James Scullin and William Farnum. Among people deceased in 1938, Zitkala-Sa ranks 143Before her are Edward M. House, Harry Myers, Tom Crean, Andreas Michalakopoulos, Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire, and Pearl White. After her are Alma Gluck and Pauline Frederick.

Others Born in 1876

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Others Deceased in 1938

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Zitkala-Sa ranks 6,778 out of 12,171Before her are John Oliver Creighton (1943), Jason Lewis (1971), Peggy Fleming (1948), Muhtar Kent (1952), Dina Merrill (1923), and Samantha Mathis (1970). After her are David Cross (1964), Omar Epps (1973), Tim Miller (null), Clifford Odets (1906), Cherie Currie (1959), and Daniel Brandenstein (1943).

Among WRITERS In United States

Among writers born in United States, Zitkala-Sa ranks 528Before her are Daniel Quinn (1935), Rufus Wilmot Griswold (1815), Nicholas Meyer (1945), Joel Chandler Harris (1848), Robert Bly (1926), and Kathy Acker (1947). After her are Tobias Wolff (1945), Wallace Stegner (1909), David Brown (1916), Peter Matthiessen (1927), Philip Agee (null), and William F. Buckley Jr. (1925).