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1876 - 1938

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Zitkala-Ša (Lakota: Zitkála-Šá, meaning Red Bird; February 22, 1876 – January 26, 1938), also known by her missionary and married name, Gertrude Simmons Bonnin, was a Yankton Dakota writer, editor, translator, musician, educator, and political activist. She wrote several works chronicling her struggles with cultural identity, and the pull between the majority culture in which she was educated, and the Dakota culture into which she was born and raised. Her later books were among the first works to bring traditional Native American stories to a widespread white English-speaking readership. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Zitkala-Sa has received more than 1,391,517 page views. Her biography is available in 22 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 16 in 2019). Zitkala-Sa is the 5,151st most popular writer (down from 5,044th in 2019), the 7,834th most popular biography from United States (up from 8,997th in 2019) and the 633rd most popular American Writer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 44.58

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 22

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 2.10

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.86

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Page views of Zitkala-Sas by language


Among writers, Zitkala-Sa ranks 5,151 out of 5,755Before her are Nathan Zach, F. Sionil José, Gevorg Emin, Claude McKay, Carme Riera, and Erwin Strittmatter. After her are Kim Iryeop, Elmer Rice, Duran Çetin, Zoé Valdés, Alan Woods, and Amitav Ghosh.

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Among people born in 1876, Zitkala-Sa ranks 160Before her are Carl Enckell, Nellie Tayloe Ross, Virginia Bolten, Mariam Thresia Chiramel, Georg Hilmar, and H. B. Warner. After her are Sidney Robinson, Cécile Tormay, Sotirios Versis, Thomas Mofolo, Harriet Brooks, and Edith Abbott. Among people deceased in 1938, Zitkala-Sa ranks 167Before her are José Luis Tejada Sorzano, Ekaterine Gabashvili, Gustav Heinrich Johann Apollon Tammann, Ángel Arocha, Michel Giacobini, and Harry Myers. After her are James Scott, Warner Oland, John Jacob Abel, Ricardo Samper, Nikolai Vladimirovich Nekrasov, and Herbert Jamison.

Others Born in 1876

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Others Deceased in 1938

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Zitkala-Sa ranks 7,834 out of 18,182Before her are Michael Cohen (1966), Richard Lewis (1947), Harvey Fierstein (1954), Robin Hartshorne (1938), Howard Hesseman (1940), and Cedar Walton (1934). After her are Kelly Slater (1972), James Scott (1885), Earl Wild (1915), Barbara Rush (1927), Elmer Rice (1892), and Greg Grunberg (1966).

Among WRITERS In United States

Among writers born in United States, Zitkala-Sa ranks 633Before her are Tony Hillerman (1925), David Belasco (1853), Helen Prejean (1939), Holly Black (1971), Frank O'Hara (1926), and John Esposito (1940). After her are Elmer Rice (1892), Gay Talese (1932), Tim Powers (1952), Henry van Dyke Jr. (1852), Christopher Paolini (1983), and Alison Lurie (1926).