1635 - 1723

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Öndör Gegeen Zanabazar (born Eshidorji) was the sixteenth Jebtsundamba Khutuktu and the first Bogd Gegeen or supreme spiritual authority, of the Gelugpa (Yellow Hat) lineage of Tibetan Buddhism in Mongolia.The son of a Mongol Tüsheet Khan, Zanabazar was declared spiritual leader of Khalkha Mongols by a convocation of nobles in 1639 when he was just four years old. The 5th Dalai Lama (1617–1682) later recognized him as the reincarnation of the Buddhist scholar Taranatha and bestowed on him the Sanskrit name Jñānavajra (Sanskrit: ज्ञानवज्र, Zanabazar in Mongolian) meaning "thunderbolt scepter of wisdom". Over the course of nearly 60 years, Zanabazar advanced the Gelugpa school of Buddhism among the Mongols, supplanting or synthesizing Sakya or "Red Hat" Buddhist traditions that had prevailed in the area, while strongly influencing social and political developments in 17th century Mongolia. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Zanabazar has received more than 93,189 page views. His biography is available in 17 different languages on Wikipedia. Zanabazar is the 1,247th most popular religious figure (down from 1,133rd in 2019), the 24th most popular biography from Mongolia (down from 18th in 2019) and the most popular Mongolian Religious Figure.

Memorability Metrics

  • 93k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.42

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 17

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.08

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.82

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among religious figures, Zanabazar ranks 1,247 out of 2,272Before him are Zenon Grocholewski, Fructuosus, Dashi-Dorzho Itigilov, Charles Lwanga, Luigi Orione, and Benno. After him are Theodosius of Kiev, Isaac in Islam, Eunomius of Cyzicus, Michael von Faulhaber, Saint Kilian, and Filaret.

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Among people born in 1635, Zanabazar ranks 12Before him are Johann Joachim Becher, Philipp Spener, Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt, Philippe Quinault, Alexander Farnese, Prince of Parma, and Princess Margaret Yolande of Savoy. After him are Isabella d'Este, Duchess of Parma and Francis Willughby. Among people deceased in 1723, Zanabazar ranks 10Before him are Dimitrie Cantemir, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Praskovia Saltykova, Godfrey Kneller, and Anne Christine of Sulzbach, Princess of Piedmont. After him are Guillaume Dubois, Mariana Alcoforado, Joseph Clemens of Bavaria, Antonio Maria Valsalva, Anne Henriette of Bavaria, and Jan Santini Aichel.

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In Mongolia

Among people born in Mongolia, Zanabazar ranks 24 out of 53Before him are Altan Khan (1507), 4th Dalai Lama (1589), Muqali (1170), Esen Taishi (1407), Baydu (1300), and Dayan Khan (1464). After him are Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa (1947), Jambyn Batmönkh (1926), Arpa Ke'un (1300), Khaltmaagiin Battulga (1963), Peljidiin Genden (1892), and Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat (1942).


Among religious figures born in Mongolia, Zanabazar ranks 1