Yuan Shikai

1859 - 1916

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Yuan Shikai (Chinese: 袁世凱; pinyin: Yuán Shìkǎi; 16 September 1859 – 6 June 1916) was a Chinese military and government official who rose to power during the late Qing dynasty and eventually ended the Qing dynasty rule of China in 1912, later becoming the Emperor of the Empire of China (1915–1916). He first tried to save the dynasty with a number of modernization projects including bureaucratic, fiscal, judicial, educational, and other reforms, despite playing a key part in the failure of the Hundred Days' Reform. He established the first modern army and a more efficient provincial government in North China in the last years of the Qing dynasty before forcing the abdication of the Xuantong Emperor, the last monarch of the Qing dynasty, in 1912. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Yuan Shikai has received more than 1,444,613 page views. His biography is available in 49 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 46 in 2019). Yuan Shikai is the 656th most popular politician (up from 670th in 2019), the 47th most popular biography from China (up from 53rd in 2019) and the 25th most popular Chinese Politician.

Yuan Shikai was most famous for his role in the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.4M

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  • 78.17

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 49

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.51

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.02

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Yuan Shikai ranks 656 out of 15,710Before him are Constantine II, Jair Bolsonaro, Halfdan Ragnarsson, Kliment Voroshilov, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, and Reza Shah. After him are Romanos IV Diogenes, Nursultan Nazarbayev, Giuseppe Mazzini, Vladislaus II of Hungary, Gwangjong of Goryeo, and Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury.

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Among people born in 1859, Yuan Shikai ranks 13Before him are Edmund Husserl, Pierre Curie, Alfred Dreyfus, Georges Seurat, Svante Arrhenius, and Billy the Kid. After him are Sholem Aleichem, Jean Jaurès, Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Alexandre Millerand, Verner von Heidenstam, and Jerome K. Jerome. Among people deceased in 1916, Yuan Shikai ranks 5Before him are Franz Joseph I of Austria, Grigori Rasputin, Jack London, and Ernst Mach. After him are Élie Metchnikoff, Henryk Sienkiewicz, Franz Marc, William Ramsay, Henry James, Sholem Aleichem, and Odilon Redon.

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In China

Among people born in China, Yuan Shikai ranks 47 out of 1,186Before him are Yongzheng Emperor (1678), Mozi (-470), Lu Xun (1881), Li Ching-Yuen (1677), Sun Quan (182), and Nurhaci (1559). After him are Sima Yi (179), Hong Taiji (1592), Shunzhi Emperor (1638), Cao Pi (187), Zhao Yun (168), and Xiang Yu (-232).


Among politicians born in China, Yuan Shikai ranks 25Before him are Emperor Gaozu of Han (-256), Emperor Wu of Han (-156), Zhou Enlai (1898), Yongzheng Emperor (1678), Sun Quan (182), and Nurhaci (1559). After him are Sima Yi (179), Hong Taiji (1592), Shunzhi Emperor (1638), Cao Pi (187), Xiang Yu (-232), and Liu Shaoqi (1898).