Yoshiko Kawashima

1907 - 1948

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Yoshiko Kawashima (川島 芳子, Kawashima Yoshiko, 24 May 1907 – 25 March 1948) was a Qing dynasty princess of the Aisin-Gioro clan. She was raised in Japan and served as a spy for the Japanese Kwantung Army and Manchukuo during the Second Sino-Japanese War. She is sometimes known in fiction under the pseudonym "Eastern Mata Hari". Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Yoshiko Kawashima has received more than 584,429 page views. Her biography is available in 24 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 22 in 2019). Yoshiko Kawashima is the 427th most popular military personnel (down from 403rd in 2019), the 279th most popular biography from China (down from 273rd in 2019) and the 28th most popular Military Personnel.

Yoshiko Kawashima is most famous for her work in the field of developmental psychology. She is best known for her research on the importance of the mother-child relationship in the development of children.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 60.72

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 24

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.12

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.45

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among military personnels, Yoshiko Kawashima ranks 427 out of 1,468Before her are John of Austria the Younger, Cao Ren, August Neidhardt von Gneisenau, Laskarina Bouboulina, Karl Mack von Leiberich, and Kawakami Gensai. After her are Leopold Joseph von Daun, Mikhail Kirponos, Stonewall Jackson, Petre Dumitrescu, Josef Harpe, and John Hanning Speke.

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Among people born in 1907, Yoshiko Kawashima ranks 53Before her are Henri-Georges Clouzot, H. L. A. Hart, Roman Shukhevych, Lê Duẩn, Zarah Leander, and Alfonso, Prince of Asturias. After her are W. H. Auden, Alexander R. Todd, Ernesto Geisel, Cesar Romero, Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, and Miklós Rózsa. Among people deceased in 1948, Yoshiko Kawashima ranks 37Before her are D. W. Griffith, Tamam Shud case, Georges Bernanos, Uzeyir Hajibeyov, Zelda Fitzgerald, and Waldemar Hoven. After her are Emil Ludwig, Kantarō Suzuki, Dieter Wisliceny, Otto Rasch, Rudolf Brandt, and Pompeu Fabra.

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In China

Among people born in China, Yoshiko Kawashima ranks 279 out of 1,392Before her are Emperor Wuzong of Tang (814), Cao Ren (168), Emperor Gong of Song (1271), Empress Dowager Ci'an (1837), Ma Teng (156), and Jacques Mayol (1927). After her are Linji Yixuan (850), Chen Duxiu (1879), Sima Guang (1019), Ban Zhao (45), Emperor Zhang of Han (57), and Meng Huo (101).


Among military personnels born in China, Yoshiko Kawashima ranks 28Before her are Ban Chao (32), Zhang He (167), Lü Meng (178), Xu Huang (169), Gan Ning (175), and Cao Ren (168). After her are He Jin (135), Yu Jin (200), Gongsun Zan (null), Pang De (170), Gao Shun (200), and Yue Jin (200).