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Yakov Sverdlov

1885 - 1919

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Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov (Russian: Яков Михайлович Свердлов; 3 June [O. S. 22 May]] 1885 – 16 March 1919) was a Bolshevik Party administrator and chairman of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee from 1917 to 1919. He is sometimes regarded as the first head of state of the Soviet Union, although it was not established until 1922, three years after his death. Born in Nizhny Novgorod to a Jewish family active in revolutionary politics, Sverdlov joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1902 and supported Vladimir Lenin's Bolshevik faction during an ideological split. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Yakov Sverdlov has received more than 686,244 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 39 in 2019). Yakov Sverdlov is the 1,988th most popular politician (down from 1,774th in 2019), the 198th most popular biography from Russia (down from 186th in 2019) and the 69th most popular Russian Politician.

Yakov Sverdlov was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary and the first Soviet head of state. He was also the first president of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union.

Memorability Metrics

  • 690k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.22

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.93

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.78

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Yakov Sverdlov ranks 1,988 out of 15,577Before him are Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik, Magnus the Good, Damdin Sükhbaatar, Nicolas Fouquet, Princess Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium, and Eric the Victorious. After him are Heinrich Brüning, Princess Isabella of Parma, Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia, Richard II, Duke of Normandy, Injong of Joseon, and Ram Nath Kovind.

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Among people born in 1885, Yakov Sverdlov ranks 24Before him are Umberto Nobile, D. H. Lawrence, Vladimir Tatlin, Mikhail Frunze, George de Hevesy, and Ernst Bloch. After him are Heinrich Brüning, Sonia Delaunay, Karl Radek, Sabina Spielrein, Erich von Stroheim, and Luigi Russolo. Among people deceased in 1919, Yakov Sverdlov ranks 16Before him are Gojong of Korea, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Andrew Carnegie, Ruggero Leoncavallo, William Crookes, and Carl Larsson. After him are Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria, Princess Charlotte of Prussia, Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia, Habibullah Khan, Ismail Qemali, and L. Frank Baum.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Yakov Sverdlov ranks 198 out of 3,262Before him are Christian Goldbach (1690), Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia (1891), Vasily Stalin (1921), Nikolai Vavilov (1887), Natalia Goncharova (1881), and Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (1853). After him are Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich of Russia (1876), Gennady Yanayev (1937), Gennady Zyuganov (1944), Vladimir Vernadsky (1863), Alla Pugacheva (1949), and Mikhail Suslov (1902).


Among politicians born in Russia, Yakov Sverdlov ranks 69Before him are Raisa Gorbacheva (1932), Alexei Petrovich, Tsarevich of Russia (1690), Sergey Shoygu (1955), Yuri Dolgorukiy (1095), Anastasia Romanovna (1530), and Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich of Russia (1891). After him are Gennady Yanayev (1937), Gennady Zyuganov (1944), Mikhail Suslov (1902), Princess Irina Alexandrovna of Russia (1895), Öz Beg Khan (1282), and Ivan I of Moscow (1288).