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430 BC - 354 BC

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Xenophon of Athens (; Ancient Greek: Ξενοφῶν [ksenopʰɔ̂ːn]; c. 430 – probably 355 or 354 BC) was a Greek military leader, philosopher, and historian, born in Athens. At the age of 30, Xenophon was elected commander of one of the biggest Greek mercenary armies of the Achaemenid Empire, the Ten Thousand, that marched on and came close to capturing Babylon in 401 BC. As the military historian Theodore Ayrault Dodge wrote, "the centuries since have devised nothing to surpass the genius of this warrior". Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Xenophon has received more than 2,131,027 page views. His biography is available in 84 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 81 in 2019). Xenophon is the 4th most popular historian (up from 7th in 2019), the 28th most popular biography from Greece (up from 29th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Greek Historian.

Xenophon is most famous for writing the "Anabasis", which is an account of the Greek mercenaries' journey from Mesopotamia to the Black Sea.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 78.85

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 84

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.01

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.71

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Xenophons by language


Among historians, Xenophon ranks 4 out of 339Before him are Herodotus, Ibn Khaldun, and Thucydides. After him are Tacitus, Livy, Sima Qian, Josephus, Polybius, Suetonius, Alexis de Tocqueville, and Diodorus Siculus.

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Among people born in 430 BC, Xenophon ranks 1After him are Dionysius I of Syracuse, Cynisca, Aeschines of Sphettus, and Philistus. Among people deceased in 354 BC, Xenophon ranks 1After him are Dion of Syracuse and Timotheus.

Others Born in 430 BC

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Others Deceased in 354 BC

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Xenophon ranks 28 out of 936Before him are Plutarch (46), El Greco (1541), Thucydides (-460), Phidias (-490), Bayezid II (1447), and Nurbanu Sultan (1525). After him are Demosthenes (-384), Themistocles (-524), Leonidas I (-540), Hayreddin Barbarossa (1478), Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha (1493), and Cleisthenes (-565).

Among HISTORIANS In Greece

Among historians born in Greece, Xenophon ranks 2Before him are Thucydides (-460). After him are Polybius (-208), Callisthenes (-360), Theopompus (-400), Quintus Curtius Rufus (41), Afet İnan (1908), Krste Misirkov (1874), Philochorus (-340), Michael Glykas (1125), Leo Allatius (1586), and Marsyas of Pella (-400).