Wu Zetian

624 - 705

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Icon of person Wu Zetian

Wu Zhao, commonly known as Wu Zetian (17 February 624 – 26 November 705), alternatively Wu Hou, and during the later Tang dynasty as Tian Hou, was the de facto ruler of the Tang dynasty, as a empress consort, first through her husband the Emperor Gaozong and then as a empress dowager, through her sons the Emperors Zhongzong and Ruizong, from 665 to 690. She subsequently became empress regnant of the Wu Zhou dynasty of China, ruling from 690 to 705. She was the only legitimate female sovereign in the history of China. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Wu Zetian has received more than 3,310,038 page views. Her biography is available in 52 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 51 in 2019). Wu Zetian is the 276th most popular politician (up from 340th in 2019), the 18th most popular biography from China (up from 24th in 2019) and the 9th most popular Chinese Politician.

Wu Zetian is most famous for being the only woman in Chinese history to rule China.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 81.81

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 52

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.24

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.31

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Wu Zetians by language


Among politicians, Wu Zetian ranks 276 out of 15,710Before her are Matthias Corvinus, Clara Zetkin, António de Oliveira Salazar, Edward V of England, Pompey, and Elagabalus. After her are Julian, Golda Meir, Khafra, Edward II of England, Lee Kuan Yew, and Bill Clinton.

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Among people born in 624, Wu Zetian ranks 2Before her is Hasan ibn Ali. After her are Yazdegerd III, Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr, and Adomnán. Among people deceased in 705, Wu Zetian ranks 1After her are Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan, Pope John VI, Leontios, Tiberius III, Lambert of Maastricht, Alpaida, and Aldfrith of Northumbria.

Others Born in 624

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Others Deceased in 705

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In China

Among people born in China, Wu Zetian ranks 18 out of 1,186Before her are Sun Yat-sen (1866), Kublai Khan (1215), Puyi (1906), Cao Cao (155), Empress Dowager Cixi (1835), and Ip Man (1893). After her are Xi Jinping (1953), Hu Jintao (1942), Kangxi Emperor (1654), Qianlong Emperor (1711), Mencius (-372), and Xuanzang (602).


Among politicians born in China, Wu Zetian ranks 9Before her are Qin Shi Huang (-258), Deng Xiaoping (1904), Sun Yat-sen (1866), Kublai Khan (1215), Puyi (1906), and Empress Dowager Cixi (1835). After her are Xi Jinping (1953), Hu Jintao (1942), Kangxi Emperor (1654), Qianlong Emperor (1711), Liu Bei (161), and Hongwu Emperor (1328).