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Wu Zetian

624 - 705

Photo of Wu Zetian

Icon of person Wu Zetian

Wu Zetian (17 February 624 – 16 December 705), also known as Wu Zhao or Wu Hou, and during the later Tang dynasty as Tian Hou, was the de facto ruler of China from 665 to 705, ruling first through others and then (from 690) in her own right. From 665 to 690, she was first empress consort of the Tang dynasty (as wife of the Emperor Gaozong) and then, after his death, empress dowager (ruling through her sons Emperors Zhongzong and Ruizong), which had occurred before in China. Unprecedented in Chinese history, she subsequently ruled as empress regnant of the Wu Zhou dynasty of China from 690 to 705. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Wu Zetian has received more than 3,738,519 page views. Her biography is available in 55 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 52 in 2019). Wu Zetian is the 320th most popular politician (down from 276th in 2019), the 20th most popular biography from China (down from 18th in 2019) and the 11th most popular Chinese Politician.

Wu Zetian is most famous for being the only woman in Chinese history to rule China.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.86

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 55

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.57

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.33

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Wu Zetians by language


Among politicians, Wu Zetian ranks 320 out of 15,577Before her are Haile Selassie, Lee Kuan Yew, Charles VI of France, Ertuğrul, Matthias Corvinus, and Godfrey of Bouillon. After her are Gerhard Schröder, Julian, Abdul Hamid I, Louis XII of France, Edward Heath, and Semiramis.

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Among people born in 624, Wu Zetian ranks 2Before her is Hasan ibn Ali. After her are Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr, Yazdegerd III, and Adomnán. Among people deceased in 705, Wu Zetian ranks 1After her are Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan, Pope John VI, Tiberius III, Lambert of Maastricht, Leontios, Alpaida, and Aldfrith of Northumbria.

Others Born in 624

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Others Deceased in 705

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In China

Among people born in China, Wu Zetian ranks 20 out of 1,392Before her are Puyi (1906), Hu Jintao (1942), Empress Dowager Cixi (1835), Chiang Kai-shek (1887), Du Fu (712), and Cao Cao (155). After her are Qianlong Emperor (1711), Ip Man (1893), Xuanzang (602), Cai Lun (48), Lü Bu (161), and Guan Yu (162).


Among politicians born in China, Wu Zetian ranks 11Before her are Sun Yat-sen (1866), Kublai Khan (1215), Xi Jinping (1953), Puyi (1906), Hu Jintao (1942), and Empress Dowager Cixi (1835). After her are Qianlong Emperor (1711), Kangxi Emperor (1654), Liu Bei (161), Yongle Emperor (1360), Emperor Gaozu of Han (-256), and Hongwu Emperor (1328).