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Wilhelm Tempel

1821 - 1889

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Ernst Wilhelm Leberecht Tempel (4 December 1821 – 16 March 1889), normally known as Wilhelm Tempel, was a German astronomer who worked in Marseille until the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, then later moved to Italy.Tempel was born at Niedercunnersdorf, Saxony. He was a prolific discoverer of comets, discovering or co-discovering 21 in all, including Comet 55P/Tempel-Tuttle, now known to be the parent body of the Leonid meteor shower, and 9P/Tempel, the target of the NASA probe Deep Impact in 2005. Other periodic comets that bear his name include 10P/Tempel and 11P/Tempel-Swift-LINEAR. In 1861, he was awarded the Lalande Prize. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Wilhelm Tempel has received more than 24,979 page views. His biography is available in 37 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 36 in 2019). Wilhelm Tempel is the 83rd most popular astronomer (up from 261st in 2019), the 1,081st most popular biography from Germany (up from 2,912th in 2019) and the 14th most popular German Astronomer.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 37

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 14.10

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.83

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among astronomers, Wilhelm Tempel ranks 83 out of 531Before him are Petrus Plancius, Arthur B. McDonald, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Kathir al-Farghani, Karl Ludwig Harding, Lewis A. Swift, and Walter Baade. After him are Edward Emerson Barnard, Giovanni Battista Riccioli, Eric Walter Elst, Petrus Apianus, Eugene Merle Shoemaker, and Angelo Secchi.

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Among people born in 1821, Wilhelm Tempel ranks 21Before him are Arthur Cayley, Nathan Bedford Forrest, Heinrich Barth, Andrew Kim Taegon, Henri-Frédéric Amiel, and Nikolay Nekrasov. After him are Johann Josef Loschmidt, Giovanni Bottesini, Sebastian Kneipp, Anita Garibaldi, Ernst Engel, and Eduard Heine. Among people deceased in 1889, Wilhelm Tempel ranks 16Before him are Michel Eugène Chevreul, Nikolay Chernyshevsky, Charles III, Prince of Monaco, Wilkie Collins, Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, and Marie of Prussia. After him are Giovanni Bottesini, Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies, Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly, Robert Browning, Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges, and Ion Creangă.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Wilhelm Tempel ranks 1,081 out of 6,142Before him are Karl Bühler (1879), Wilhelm Gustloff (1895), Carl Reinecke (1824), Johann Deisenhofer (1943), Walter Baade (1893), and Hans Magnus Enzensberger (1929). After him are Anna of Saxony (1544), Peter Sloterdijk (1947), John Maurice, Prince of Nassau-Siegen (1604), Carsten Niebuhr (1733), Joost van den Vondel (1587), and Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber (1739).

Among ASTRONOMERS In Germany

Among astronomers born in Germany, Wilhelm Tempel ranks 14Before him are Simon Marius (1573), Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve (1793), Heinrich Louis d'Arrest (1822), Max Wolf (1863), Karl Ludwig Harding (1765), and Walter Baade (1893). After him are Petrus Apianus (1495), David Fabricius (1564), Johann Elert Bode (1747), Karl Wilhelm Reinmuth (1892), Reinhard Genzel (1952), and Heinrich Schwabe (1789).