1694 - 1778


François-Marie Arouet (French: [fʁɑ̃swa maʁi aʁwɛ]; 21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire (; also US: , French: [vɔltɛːʁ]), was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his criticism of Christianity—especially the Roman Catholic Church—as well as his advocacy of freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and separation of church and state. Voltaire was a versatile and prolific writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, essays, histories, and scientific expositions. He wrote more than 20,000 letters and 2,000 books and pamphlets. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Voltaire has received more than 6,530,565 page views. His biography is available in 147 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 8th most popular writer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 6.5M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 87.73

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 147

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.43

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.45

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

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Among writers, Voltaire ranks 8 out of 4,883Before him are Dante Alighieri, Homer, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Hans Christian Andersen, and J. R. R. Tolkien. After him are Victor Hugo, Franz Kafka, Leo Tolstoy, Molière, Edgar Allan Poe, and Virgil.

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Among people born in 1694, Voltaire ranks 1After him are Yeongjo of Joseon, François Quesnay, Leonardo Leo, Louis-Claude Daquin, Francis Hutcheson, Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Paul of the Cross, Georg Brandt, Theodore of Corsica, Henry Pelham, and Hermann Samuel Reimarus. Among people deceased in 1778, Voltaire ranks 2Before him is Jean-Jacques Rousseau. After him are Carl Linnaeus, Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Anna Maria Mozart, Laura Bassi, James Hargreaves, Thomas Arne, William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, Alvise Giovanni Mocenigo, Charles De Geer, and Étienne-Gabriel Morelly.

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In France

Among people born in France, Voltaire ranks 5 out of 4,109Before him are Napoleon (1769), Louis XIV of France (1638), Joan of Arc (1412), and René Descartes (1596). After him are Victor Hugo (1802), Blaise Pascal (1623), Molière (1622), Louis Pasteur (1822), Claude Monet (1840), Jules Verne (1828), and Nostradamus (1503).

Among WRITERS In France

Among writers born in France, Voltaire ranks 1After him are Victor Hugo (1802), Molière (1622), Jules Verne (1828), Jean-Paul Sartre (1905), Honoré de Balzac (1799), Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (1900), Alexandre Dumas (1802), Stendhal (1783), Marcel Proust (1871), Émile Zola (1840), and Simone de Beauvoir (1908).

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