1694 - 1778

Photo of Voltaire

Icon of person Voltaire

François-Marie Arouet (French: [fʁɑ̃swa maʁi aʁwɛ]; 21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire (; also US: ; French: [vɔltɛːʁ]), was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his criticism of Christianity—especially the Roman Catholic Church—and of slavery, as well as his advocacy of freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and separation of church and state. Voltaire was a versatile and prolific writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, essays, histories, and scientific expositions. He wrote more than 20,000 letters and 2,000 books and pamphlets. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Voltaire has received more than 8,689,525 page views. His biography is available in 152 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 147 in 2019). Voltaire is the 8th most popular writer, the 6th most popular biography from France (down from 5th in 2019) and the most popular French Writer.

Voltaire is most famous for his wit and satire, as well as for his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state.

Memorability Metrics

  • 8.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 90.89

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 152

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 14.03

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.32

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Page views of Voltaires by language


Among writers, Voltaire ranks 8 out of 5,794Before him are Dante Alighieri, Homer, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Fyodor Dostoevsky, J. R. R. Tolkien, and Hans Christian Andersen. After him are Franz Kafka, Leo Tolstoy, Victor Hugo, Edgar Allan Poe, Jules Verne, and Molière.

Most Popular Writers in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1694, Voltaire ranks 1After him are François Quesnay, Yeongjo of Joseon, Leonardo Leo, Louis-Claude Daquin, Francis Hutcheson, Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Paul of the Cross, Georg Brandt, Henry Pelham, Theodore of Corsica, and Hermann Samuel Reimarus. Among people deceased in 1778, Voltaire ranks 3Before him are Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Carl Linnaeus. After him are Giovanni Battista Piranesi, Anna Maria Mozart, Laura Bassi, James Hargreaves, Thomas Arne, William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, Étienne-Gabriel Morelly, Alvise Giovanni Mocenigo, and Charles De Geer.

Others Born in 1694

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1778

Go to all Rankings

In France

Among people born in France, Voltaire ranks 6 out of 5,234Before him are Napoleon (1769), Louis XIV of France (1638), René Descartes (1596), Joan of Arc (1412), and Charlemagne (748). After him are Blaise Pascal (1623), Louis Pasteur (1822), Victor Hugo (1802), Claude Monet (1840), Montesquieu (1689), and Jules Verne (1828).

Among WRITERS In France

Among writers born in France, Voltaire ranks 1After him are Victor Hugo (1802), Jules Verne (1828), Molière (1622), Honoré de Balzac (1799), Jean-Paul Sartre (1905), Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (1900), Émile Zola (1840), Stendhal (1783), Alexandre Dumas (1802), Marcel Proust (1871), and Denis Diderot (1713).