Viola Desmond

1914 - 1965

Viola Desmond

Viola Irene Desmond (July 6, 1914 – February 7, 1965) was a Canadian civil rights activist and businesswoman of Black Nova Scotian descent. In 1946 she challenged racial segregation at a cinema in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia by refusing to leave a whites-only area of the Roseland Theatre. For this, she was convicted of a minor tax violation for the one-cent tax difference between the seat she had paid for and the seat she used, which was more expensive. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Viola Desmond has received more than 1,338,946 page views. Her biography is available in 15 different languages on Wikipedia making her the 283rd most popular social activist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 49.02

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 15

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 2.79

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.56

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Viola Desmonds by language


Among social activists, Viola Desmond ranks 282 out of 426Before her are Toktogul Satylganov, Black Elk, Zhang Guotao, M. N. Roy, Tawakkol Karman, and Yuri Levitan. After her are Greta Thunberg, Abdallah ibn Yasin, Mahmoud Taleghani, Alice Paul, Anatoly Marchenko, and Jack Sheppard.

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Among people born in 1914, Viola Desmond ranks 169Before her are Sei Fuwa, Giorgio Almirante, Jersey Joe Walcott, Gisèle Casadesus, Yuri Levitan, and Hernán Siles Zuazo. After her are Jan Kott, Lakshmi Sahgal, Mihailo Lalić, Ray Walston, Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury, and Marcel Kint. Among people deceased in 1965, Viola Desmond ranks 92Before her are Wilhelm Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein, Jānis Balodis, Boris Barnet, Árpád Szakasits, Maria Dąbrowska, and Mostafa El-Nahas. After her are Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Nikolay Lossky, Sonny Boy Williamson II, D. N. Aidit, John Kitzmiller, and Píndaro de Carvalho Rodrigues.

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Others Deceased in 1965

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In Canada

Among people born in Canada, Viola Desmond ranks 178 out of 840Before her are Cory Monteith (1982), Hume Cronyn (1911), Raymond Burr (1917), Hayden Christensen (1981), John Murray (1841), and Eugene Levy (1946). After her are Ethel Smith (1907), Igor Gouzenko (1919), Georges Vézina (1887), Chris Benoit (1967), Sandra Oh (1971), and Alfred Aho (1941).


Among social activists born in Canada, Viola Desmond ranks 2Before her are Paul Watson (1950).

Social Activists Born in Canada

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