Toussaint Louverture

1743 - 1803

Toussaint Louverture

François-Dominique Toussaint Louverture (French: [fʁɑ̃swa dɔminik tusɛ̃ luvɛʁtyʁ]; also known as Toussaint L'Ouverture or Toussaint Bréda; 1743 – 7 April 1803) was a Haitian general and the most prominent leader of the Haitian Revolution. He first fought for the Spanish against the French; then for France against Spain and Great Britain; and finally, he fought on behalf of Saint-Domingue in the era of Napoleonic France. As a leader of the growing resistance, his military and political acumen saved the gains of the first black insurrection in November 1791, helping to transform the slave insurgency into a revolutionary movement. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Toussaint Louverture has received more than 2,257,711 page views. His biography is available in 47 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 53rd most popular social activist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 64.78

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 47

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.25

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.19

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Toussaint Louvertures by language


Among social activists, Toussaint Louverture ranks 53 out of 426Before him are Hassan al-Banna, Élie Ducommun, Nicholas Winton, Babak Khorramdin, Horst Wessel, and Túpac Amaru II. After him are Yemelyan Pugachev, Emily Greene Balch, Lê Đức Thọ, Axel Munthe, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, and Errico Malatesta.

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Among people born in 1743, Toussaint Louverture ranks 9Before him are Jean-Paul Marat, Madame du Barry, Luigi Boccherini, Marquis de Condorcet, Alessandro Cagliostro, and Martin Heinrich Klaproth. After him are Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria, Carl Peter Thunberg, Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, Nicolai Abildgaard, Edmund Cartwright, and René Just Haüy. Among people deceased in 1803, Toussaint Louverture ranks 2Before him is Johann Gottfried Herder. After him are Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Franz Xaver Süssmayr, Cardinal de Rohan, Louis I of Etruria, Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia, Vittorio Alfieri, Louis Claude de Saint-Martin, Samuel Adams, and Ercole III d'Este, Duke of Modena.

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In Haiti

Among people born in Haiti, Toussaint Louverture ranks 2 out of 41Before him are François Duvalier (1907). After him are Alexandre Pétion (1770), John James Audubon (1785), Thomas-Alexandre Dumas (1762), Jean-Claude Duvalier (1951), Jean-Pierre Boyer (1776), René Préval (1943), Vincent-Marie Viénot, Count of Vaublanc (1756), Faustin Soulouque (1782), Jean-Bertrand Aristide (1953), and Leslie Manigat (1930).


Among social activists born in Haiti, Toussaint Louverture ranks 1

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