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524 BC - 459 BC

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Themistocles (; Greek: Θεμιστοκλῆς; c. 524–459 BC) was an Athenian politician and general. He was one of a new breed of non-aristocratic politicians who rose to prominence in the early years of the Athenian democracy. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Themistocles has received more than 1,933,719 page views. His biography is available in 65 different languages on Wikipedia (down from 66 in 2019). Themistocles is the 11th most popular military personnel (up from 13th in 2019), the 30th most popular biography from Greece (down from 25th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Greek Military Personnel.

Themistocles is most famous for leading the Athenian navy to victory against the Persians at the Battle of Salamis in 480 BC.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.9M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 78.39

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 65

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.26

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.82

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Themistocles by language


Among military personnels, Themistocles ranks 11 out of 1,468Before him are Charles de Gaulle, Karl Dönitz, Spartacus, Erwin Rommel, Charles Martel, and Adolf Eichmann. After him are William Wallace, Khalid ibn al-Walid, Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, Oda Nobunaga, Erich von Manstein, and Chiang Kai-shek.

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Among people born in 524 BC, Themistocles ranks 1After him is Epicharmus of Kos. Among people deceased in 459 BC, Themistocles ranks 1

Others Born in 524 BC

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Others Deceased in 459 BC

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Themistocles ranks 30 out of 936Before him are Thucydides (-460), Phidias (-490), Bayezid II (1447), Nurbanu Sultan (1525), Xenophon (-430), and Demosthenes (-384). After him are Leonidas I (-540), Hayreddin Barbarossa (1478), Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha (1493), Cleisthenes (-565), Gorgias (-483), and Ptolemy I Soter (-367).


Among military personnels born in Greece, Themistocles ranks 3Before him are Alexander the Great (-356) and Spartacus (-109). After him are Ptolemy I Soter (-367), Pyrrhus of Epirus (-318), Miltiades (-540), Seleucus I Nicator (-358), Hephaestion (-356), Cimon (-510), Mardonius (-600), Djemal Pasha (1872), and Parmenion (-400).