Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf

1526 - 1580

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Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf ash-Shami al-Asadi (Arabic: تقي الدين محمد بن معروف الشامي‎, Ottoman Turkish: تقي الدين محمد بن معروف الشامي السعدي‎, Turkish: Takiyüddin; 1526-1585) was an Ottoman polymath active in Cairo and Istanbul. He was the author of more than ninety books on a wide variety of subjects, including astronomy, clocks, engineering, mathematics, mechanics, optics and natural philosophy.In 1574 the Ottoman Sultan Murad III invited Taqi ad-Din to build an observatory in the Ottoman capital, Istanbul. Using his exceptional knowledge in the mechanical arts, Taqi ad-Din constructed instruments like huge armillary and mechanical clocks that he used in his observations of the Great Comet of 1577. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf has received more than 99,732 page views. His biography is available in 21 different languages on Wikipedia. Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf is the 104th most popular astronomer (up from 118th in 2019), the 53rd most popular biography from Syria (up from 54th in 2019) and the most popular Syrian Astronomer.

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Among astronomers, Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf ranks 104 out of 532Before him are George Biddell Airy, Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille, Heinrich Schwabe, David Fabricius, Hermann Goldschmidt, and Annibale de Gasparis. After him are Giovanni Battista Riccioli, William Huggins, Arthur B. McDonald, Karl Ludwig Hencke, Margaret Burbidge, and Antonie Pannekoek.

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Among people born in 1526, Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf ranks 8Before him are Akechi Mitsuhide, Catherine Jagiellon, Elizabeth of Austria, Rafael Bombelli, Augustus, Elector of Saxony, and Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. After him are Benedict the Moor, Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken, Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquess of Santa Cruz, Bâkî, and Juan Fernández Navarrete. Among people deceased in 1580, Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf ranks 9Before him are Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain, Lala Mustafa Pasha, Henry, King of Portugal, Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, Ruy López de Segura, and Hieronymus Wolf. After him are Anne de Pisseleu d'Heilly, Inés Suárez, Alonso Mudarra, Dorothea of Denmark, Electress Palatine, Raphael Holinshed, and Jerónimo Zurita y Castro.

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In Syria

Among people born in Syria, Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf ranks 53 out of 158Before him are Damascius (480), Nizar Qabbani (1923), Amin al-Hafiz (1921), Julia Soaemias (180), Romanos the Melodist (490), and Levon Ter-Petrosyan (1945). After him are Heliodorus of Emesa (null), Abdul Halim Khaddam (1932), Evagrius Scholasticus (536), Usama ibn Munqidh (1095), Hazael (-900), and Sergius I of Constantinople (565).


Among astronomers born in Syria, Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf ranks 1After him are Mariam al-Asturlabi (950).