497 BC - 406 BC

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Sophocles (; Greek: Σοφοκλῆς, pronounced [so.pʰo.klɛ̂ːs]; c. 497/6 – winter 406/5 BC) is one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived. His first plays were written later than, or contemporary with, those of Aeschylus; and earlier than, or contemporary with, those of Euripides. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Sophocles has received more than 2,271,257 page views. His biography is available in 132 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 128 in 2019). Sophocles is the 17th most popular writer (up from 19th in 2019), the 9th most popular biography from Greece and the most popular Greek Writer.

Sophocles is most famous for writing the three Theban plays: "Oedipus Rex", "Oedipus at Colonus", and "Antigone".

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 88.52

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 132

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 14.03

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.25

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

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Among writers, Sophocles ranks 17 out of 5,794Before him are Victor Hugo, Edgar Allan Poe, Jules Verne, Molière, Honoré de Balzac, and Albert Camus. After him are Virgil, Petrarch, Jean-Paul Sartre, Aesop, Anton Chekhov, and Alexander Pushkin.

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Among people born in 497 BC, Sophocles ranks 1 Among people deceased in 406 BC, Sophocles ranks 1After him are Euripides, Callicratidas, and Thrasyllus.

Others Born in 497 BC

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Others Deceased in 406 BC

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Sophocles ranks 9 out of 855Before him are Plato (-427), Socrates (-470), Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881), Hippocrates (-460), Pythagoras (-570), and Spartacus (-109). After him are Epicurus (-341), Pericles (-494), Democritus (-460), Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1921), El Greco (1541), and Philip II of Macedon (-382).

Among WRITERS In Greece

Among writers born in Greece, Sophocles ranks 1After him are Aristophanes (-448), Euripides (-480), Sappho (-630), Aeschylus (-525), Pindar (-517), Menander (-342), Nikos Kazantzakis (1883), Nâzım Hikmet (1902), Simonides of Ceos (-556), Archilochus (-680), and Phaedrus (-20).