Simo Häyhä

1905 - 2002

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Simo Häyhä (Finnish: [ˈsimo ˈhæy̯hæ] (listen); 17 December 1905 – 1 April 2002) was a Finnish military sniper in the Second World War during the 1939–1940 Winter War against the Soviet Union. He used a Finnish-produced M/28-30, a variant of the Mosin–Nagant rifle, and a Suomi KP/-31 submachine gun. He is believed to have killed over 500 men during the Winter war (including 259 killed by sniper rifle), the highest number of sniper kills in any major war.Häyhä estimated in his private war-time diary that he shot around 500 enemy soldiers. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Simo Häyhä has received more than 6,106,475 page views. His biography is available in 48 different languages on Wikipedia. Simo Häyhä is the 25th most popular military personnel (up from 28th in 2019), the 2nd most popular biography from Finland (up from 3rd in 2019) and the most popular Finnish Military Personnel.

Simo Häyhä is most famous for his service in the Winter War, where he was credited with killing over 500 Soviet soldiers.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 48

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.86

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.73

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among military personnels, Simo Häyhä ranks 25 out of 1,466Before him are Pyrrhus of Epirus, Ptolemy I Soter, Wilhelm Keitel, Friedrich Paulus, Oda Nobunaga, and Cesare Borgia. After him are Vercingetorix, Ratko Mladić, Alfred Dreyfus, Roland, Douglas MacArthur, and Jochi.

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Among people born in 1905, Simo Häyhä ranks 4Before him are Jean-Paul Sartre, Howard Hughes, and Ayn Rand. After him are Albert Speer, Christian Dior, Greta Garbo, Henry Fonda, Elias Canetti, Viktor Frankl, Dag Hammarskjöld, and Faustina Kowalska. Among people deceased in 2002, Simo Häyhä ranks 5Before him are Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, Astrid Lindgren, Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, and Pierre Bourdieu. After him are Thor Heyerdahl, John Rawls, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Billy Wilder, Richard Harris, László Kubala, and Chuck Jones.

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In Finland

Among people born in Finland, Simo Häyhä ranks 2 out of 509Before him are Jean Sibelius (1865). After him are Alvar Aalto (1898), Tove Jansson (1914), Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim (1867), Paavo Nurmi (1897), Sauli Niinistö (1948), Mika Waltari (1908), Frans Eemil Sillanpää (1888), Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld (1832), Tarja Halonen (1943), and Urho Kekkonen (1900).


Among military personnels born in Finland, Simo Häyhä ranks 1After him are Ilmari Juutilainen (1914), Ernst Linder (1868), Erik Heinrichs (1890), Ali Aaltonen (1884), and Paavo Talvela (1897).