PHYSICIAN

Shirō Ishii

1892 - 1959

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Surgeon General Shirō Ishii (石井 四郎, Ishii Shirō, [iɕiː ɕiɾoː]; 15 June 1892 – 9 October 1959) was a Japanese microbiologist, army medical officer, and war criminal who served as the director of Unit 731, a biological warfare unit of the Imperial Japanese Army. Ishii led the development and application of biological weapons at Unit 731 in Manchukuo during the Second Sino-Japanese War from 1937 to 1945, including the bubonic plague attacks at Chinese cities of Changde and Ningbo, and planned the Operation Cherry Blossoms at Night biological attack against the United States. Ishii and Unit 731 engaged in forced human experimentation on civilians and prisoners of war that resulted in the death of over 10,000 people, and were responsible for some of the most notorious war crimes of Imperial Japan during the Pacific War. Ishii and Unit 731 were granted immunity in the International Military Tribunal for the Far East by the United States government in exchange for information and research for the U.S. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Shirō Ishii has received more than 1,171,569 page views. His biography is available in 27 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 25 in 2019). Shirō Ishii is the 65th most popular physician (up from 89th in 2019), the 70th most popular biography from Japan (up from 82nd in 2019) and the most popular Japanese Physician.

Shirō Ishii is most famous for his experiments on humans in Unit 731. He experimented on humans by injecting them with various diseases and chemicals to see how they would react.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.2M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 73.72

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 27

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.73

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.30

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among PHYSICIANS

Among physicians, Shirō Ishii ranks 65 out of 509Before him are Gerhard Domagk, Christiaan Eijkman, Francesco Redi, Robert Bellarmine, Albert Sabin, and Louis Auguste Blanqui. After him are Hilary of Poitiers, Róbert Bárány, Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Cyril of Jerusalem, Frederick Banting, and Albert Szent-Györgyi.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1892, Shirō Ishii ranks 31Before him are Marina Tsvetaeva, George Paget Thomson, Robert Ritter von Greim, Edward Victor Appleton, Darius Milhaud, and Mátyás Rákosi. After him are Erhard Milch, Arthur Friedenreich, Princess Victoria Louise of Prussia, Erwin Panofsky, Stefan Banach, and Andrey Yeryomenko. Among people deceased in 1959, Shirō Ishii ranks 15Before him are Errol Flynn, Boris Vian, Camilo Cienfuegos, Heitor Villa-Lobos, Billie Holiday, and George Grosz. After him are Adolf Windaus, Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, Bohuslav Martinů, Alfred Schütz, and Edward C. Tolman.

Others Born in 1892

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Others Deceased in 1959

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In Japan

Among people born in Japan, Shirō Ishii ranks 70 out of 5,560Before him are Natsume Sōseki (1867), Emperor Suizei (-669), Tadamichi Kuribayashi (1891), Empress Michiko (1934), Tōgō Heihachirō (1848), and Benkei (1155). After him are Kazuo Ishiguro (1954), Kenzō Tange (1913), Tsutomu Yamaguchi (1916), Tokugawa Yoshinobu (1837), Nichiren (1222), and Dōgen (1200).

Among PHYSICIANS In Japan

Among physicians born in Japan, Shirō Ishii ranks 1After him are Kitasato Shibasaburō (1853), Hakaru Hashimoto (1881), Tasuku Honjo (1942), Shinya Yamanaka (1962), Hiraga Gennai (1728), Kiyoshi Shiga (1871), Kusumoto Ine (1827), Shinobu Ishihara (1879), and Akira Endo (1933).