Shah Alam II

1728 - 1806

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Shah Alam II (Persian pronunciation: [ʃɑːh ɑːlam]; 25 June 1728 – 19 November 1806), also known by his birth name Ali Gohar (or Ali Gauhar), was the seventeenth Mughal Emperor and the son of Alamgir II. Shah Alam II became the emperor of a crumbling Mughal empire. His power was so depleted during his reign that it led to a saying in the Persian language, Sultanat-e-Shah Alam, Az Dilli ta Palam, meaning, 'The empire of Shah Alam is from Delhi to Palam', Palam being a suburb of Delhi.Shah Alam faced many invasions, mainly by the Emir of Afghanistan, Ahmed Shah Abdali, which led to the Third Battle of Panipat between the Maratha Empire, who maintained suzerainty over Mughal affairs in Delhi and the Afghans led by Abdali. In 1760, the invading forces of Abdali were driven away by the Marathas, led by Sadashivrao Bhau, who deposed Shah Jahan III, the puppet Mughal emperor of Imad-ul-Mulk, and installed Shah Alam II as the rightful emperor (1760 – 1772).Shah Alam II was considered the only and rightful emperor, but he was unable to return to Delhi until 1772, under the protection of the Maratha general Mahadaji Shinde. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Shah Alam II has received more than 1,524,634 page views. His biography is available in 32 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 29 in 2019). Shah Alam II is the 9,091st most popular politician (up from 9,437th in 2019), the 283rd most popular biography from India (up from 288th in 2019) and the 90th most popular Indian Politician.

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Among politicians, Shah Alam II ranks 9,091 out of 15,710Before him are Marie of Lusignan, Queen of Aragon, Ulrich von Brockdorff-Rantzau, Frederick VII, Margrave of Baden-Durlach, Publius Petronius Turpilianus, Prince Morikuni, and Ludmilla Tourischeva. After him are José Manuel Balmaceda, Demetrius II of Georgia, Mario Cuomo, Friedrich II, Duke of Anhalt, Mirko Petrović-Njegoš, and Skandagupta.

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Among people born in 1728, Shah Alam II ranks 21Before him are Antoine Baumé, Johann Adam Hiller, Ali Bey al-Kabir, Matthew Boulton, Charles Eugene, Duke of Württemberg, and Carlo Allioni. After him are Maria Angela Ardinghelli, Hiraga Gennai, John Wilkinson, José Moñino, 1st Count of Floridablanca, Ivan Polzunov, and Franz Xaver von Wulfen. Among people deceased in 1806, Shah Alam II ranks 33Before him are Vicente Martín y Soler, George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, Pavel Tsitsianov, Federico Gravina, Michael von Melas, and Fra Diavolo. After him are Charles James Fox, Moritz Balthasar Borkhausen, Karoline von Günderrode, Horatio Gates, Joseph Gottlieb Kölreuter, and Henry Knox.

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In India

Among people born in India, Shah Alam II ranks 283 out of 1,227Before him are Merle Oberon (1911), Vikram Sarabhai (1919), Savitri (1936), Mahinda (-285), Dadasaheb Phalke (1870), and Hussain Muhammad Ershad (1930). After him are Skandagupta (500), Sukhdev Thapar (1907), Akbar II (1760), Harivansh Rai Bachchan (1907), Chandra Shekhar (1927), and Joanna Lumley (1946).


Among politicians born in India, Shah Alam II ranks 90Before him are Tilopa (928), Vishwanath Pratap Singh (1931), Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit (1900), Rana Sanga (1482), Mir Osman Ali Khan (1886), and Hussain Muhammad Ershad (1930). After him are Skandagupta (500), Sukhdev Thapar (1907), Akbar II (1760), Chandra Shekhar (1927), Ramaswamy Venkataraman (1910), and P. V. Narasimha Rao (1921).