Sextus Empiricus

160 - 210

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Sextus Empiricus (Greek: Σέξτος Ἐμπειρικός, Sextos Empeiricos; fl. mid-late 2nd century AD) was a Greek Pyrrhonist philosopher and Empiric school physician. His philosophical works are the most complete surviving account of ancient Greek and Roman Pyrrhonism, and because of the arguments they contain against the other Hellenistic philosophies, they are also a major source of information about those philosophies. In his medical work, as reflected by his name, tradition maintains that he belonged to the Empiric school in which Pyrrhonism was popular. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Sextus Empiricus has received more than 454,276 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 41 in 2019). Sextus Empiricus is the 181st most popular philosopher (up from 184th in 2019), the 62nd most popular biography from Egypt (up from 67th in 2019) and the 5th most popular Egyptian Philosopher.

Sextus Empiricus is most famous for his work "Outlines of Pyrrhonism." His work is a commentary on the teachings of Pyrrho of Elis, who was a skeptic philosopher.

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.86

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.54

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Sextus Empiricus ranks 181 out of 1,089Before him are Josef Breuer, John Scotus Eriugena, George Herbert Mead, Max Stirner, Pierre Bayle, and Julien Offray de La Mettrie. After him are Alcuin, Han Fei, Posidonius, John Venn, Karl Kautsky, and Anaximenes of Miletus.

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Among people born in 160, Sextus Empiricus ranks 1After him are Julia Domna and Sextus Julius Africanus. Among people deceased in 210, Sextus Empiricus ranks 1After him is Zhou Yu.

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In Egypt

Among people born in Egypt, Sextus Empiricus ranks 62 out of 520Before him are Fawzia Fuad of Egypt (1921), Moses in Islam (-1392), Farouk of Egypt (1920), Appian (95), Amenhotep II (-1401), and Djedefre (-2600). After him are Shoshenq I (-1000), Constantine P. Cavafy (1863), Tiye (-1398), Cleopatra Selene II (-40), Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (1876), and Apollonius of Rhodes (-295).


Among philosophers born in Egypt, Sextus Empiricus ranks 5Before him are Origen (185), Plotinus (203), Athanasius of Alexandria (295), and Philo (-15). After him are Muhammad Abduh (1849), Ammonius Saccas (175), Saadia Gaon (882), John Philoponus (490), Valentinus (100), Dhul-Nun al-Misri (796), and Olympiodorus the Younger (495).