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Sabbatai Zevi

1626 - 1676

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Sabbatai Zevi (Hebrew: שַׁבְּתַי צְבִי; August 1, 1626 – c. September 17, 1676), also spelled Shabbetai Ẓevi, Shabbeṯāy Ṣeḇī, Shabsai Tzvi, Sabbatai Zvi, and Sabetay Sevi in Turkish, was a Jewish mystic and ordained rabbi from Smyrna (now İzmir, Turkey). A kabbalist of Romaniote or Sephardic origin, Zevi, who was active throughout the Ottoman Empire, claimed to be the long-awaited Jewish Messiah. He was the founder of the Sabbatean movement, whose followers subsequently came to be known as Dönme (converts) or crypto-Jews.Upon arriving in Constantinople in February 1666, Sabbatai was imprisoned on the order of the grand vizier Köprülüzade Fazıl Ahmed Pasha; in September of that same year, after being moved from different prisons around the capital to Adrianople, (modern Edirne, the imperial court's then seat) to be judged on accusations of fomenting sedition, Sabbatai was given the choice of either facing death by some type of ordeal, or of converting to Islam by the Grand Vizier representing the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed IV. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Sabbatai Zevi has received more than 980,455 page views. His biography is available in 40 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 38 in 2019). Sabbatai Zevi is the 328th most popular religious figure (down from 256th in 2019), the 128th most popular biography from Turkey (down from 104th in 2019) and the 18th most popular Turkish Religious Figure.

Sabbatai Zevi was most famous for his conversion to Islam in 1666.

Memorability Metrics

  • 980k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.81

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 40

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.45

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.66

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among religious figures, Sabbatai Zevi ranks 328 out of 2,238Before him are Pope Stephen IV, Pope Adrian V, Pope Callixtus I, Pope Leo IV, Ubba, and Pope Martin I. After him are Pope Nicholas IV, Pope Damasus II, Ephrem the Syrian, James, son of Alphaeus, Barabbas, and Philip Neri.

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Among people born in 1626, Sabbatai Zevi ranks 2Before him is Christina, Queen of Sweden. After him are Jan Steen, Richard Cromwell, Francesco Redi, William II, Prince of Orange, Marie de Rabutin-Chantal, marquise de Sévigné, Peter of Saint Joseph de Betancur, Giovanni Legrenzi, Louis Couperin, Bada Shanren, and Andrea Guarneri. Among people deceased in 1676, Sabbatai Zevi ranks 3Before him are Pope Clement X and Alexis of Russia. After him are Michiel de Ruyter, Francesco Cavalli, Köprülüzade Fazıl Ahmed Pasha, Madame de Brinvilliers, Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen, Claudia Felicitas of Austria, Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy, Carl Gustaf Wrangel, and Margravine Louise Charlotte of Brandenburg.

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Sabbatai Zevi ranks 128 out of 1,301Before him are Michael III (840), Şah Sultan (1509), Andronikos II Palaiologos (1259), Antinous (111), Basil II (958), and Henri Fayol (1841). After him are Balbinus (178), Ephrem the Syrian (306), Apelles (-370), Mausolus (-410), Chrysippus (-281), and Kayqubad I (1188).


Among religious figures born in Turkey, Sabbatai Zevi ranks 18Before him are Saint Pantaleon (275), Gregory of Nyssa (335), Ulfilas (311), Photios I of Constantinople (900), Fethullah Gülen (1941), and Marcion of Sinope (85). After him are Ephrem the Syrian (306), Simeon Stylites (389), Pope Vitalian (600), Saint Nino (296), Saint Timothy (17), and Thecla (100).