Ryszard Siwiec

1909 - 1968

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Ryszard Siwiec (Polish pronunciation: [ˈrɨʂart ˈɕivjɛt͡s]; 7 March 1909 – 12 September 1968) was a Polish accountant and former Home Army resistance member who was the first person to commit suicide by self-immolation in protest against the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia. Although his act was captured by a motion picture camera, Polish press omitted any mention of the incident, which was successfully suppressed by the authorities. Siwiec prepared his plan alone, and few people realized what he tried to achieve with his sacrifice. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ryszard Siwiec has received more than 141,779 page views. His biography is available in 21 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 19 in 2019). Ryszard Siwiec is the 228th most popular social activist (down from 221st in 2019), the 470th most popular biography from Poland (down from 451st in 2019) and the 8th most popular Polish Social Activist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 140k

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 21

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.63

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.44

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among social activists, Ryszard Siwiec ranks 228 out of 544Before him are Serge Klarsfeld, Jan Gotlib Bloch, Eglantyne Jebb, David Riazanov, Vera Figner, and Alexander Antonov. After him are Ludolf von Alvensleben, Anna Hazare, Diana Budisavljević, Rajendra K. Pachauri, Cassivellaunus, and C. Rajagopalachari.

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Among people born in 1909, Ryszard Siwiec ranks 104Before him are Gerhard Gentzen, Lamberto Maggiorani, August Derleth, Attilio Demaría, Karl Schäfer, and Olga Rubtsova. After him are Hendrik Casimir, Gottfried von Cramm, Edwin H. Land, Isa Miranda, Adib Shishakli, and Matti Järvinen. Among people deceased in 1968, Ryszard Siwiec ranks 78Before him are István Dobi, Tallulah Bankhead, Fyodor Okhlopkov, Darío Moreno, Herbert Read, and Camille Huysmans. After him are Ildebrando Pizzetti, Ludovico Scarfiotti, Gholamreza Takhti, Charles Munch, Hans Cramer, and Chester Carlson.

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In Poland

Among people born in Poland, Ryszard Siwiec ranks 470 out of 1,231Before him are Otto von Gierke (1841), Kazimierz Fajans (1887), Karol Świerczewski (1897), Kurt Goldstein (1878), Ewa Demarczyk (1941), and Fritz von Below (1853). After him are Stefan Żeromski (1864), Stanisław Poniatowski (1676), Erich Abraham (1895), Zbigniew Preisner (1955), Beata Tyszkiewicz (1938), and Izabela Czartoryska (1746).


Among social activists born in Poland, Ryszard Siwiec ranks 8Before him are Irena Sendler (1910), Ferdinand Lassalle (1825), Mordechai Anielewicz (1919), Leopold Trepper (1904), Jan Karski (1914), and Jan Gotlib Bloch (1836). After him are Ernestine Rose (1810).