Robert Guiscard

1016 - 1085

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Robert Guiscard (; Modern French: [ɡiskaʁ]; c. 1015 – 17 July 1085) was a Norman adventurer remembered for the conquest of southern Italy and Sicily. Robert was born into the Hauteville family in Normandy, went on to become count and then duke of Apulia and Calabria (1057–1059), duke of Sicily (1059–1085), and briefly prince of Benevento (1078–1081) before returning the title to the papacy. His sobriquet, in contemporary Latin Viscardus and Old French Viscart, is often rendered "the Resourceful", "the Cunning", "the Wily", "the Fox", or "the Weasel". Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Robert Guiscard has received more than 502,486 page views. His biography is available in 48 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 46 in 2019). Robert Guiscard is the 52nd most popular nobleman (up from 55th in 2019), the 321st most popular biography from France (up from 372nd in 2019) and the 11th most popular French Nobleman.

Robert Guiscard was a Norman mercenary who became the first Norman ruler of southern Italy and Sicily.

Memorability Metrics

  • 500k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 77.36

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 48

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.49

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.89

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among noblemen, Robert Guiscard ranks 52 out of 843Before him are Şehzade Mehmed, Herodias, Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, Marie Thérèse of France, Raynald of Châtillon, and Henrietta of England. After him are Charles, Count of Valois, Edward the Black Prince, Sigurd Snake-in-the-Eye, Arthur, Prince of Wales, Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, and Lady Jane Grey.

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Among people born in 1016, Robert Guiscard ranks 2Before him is Harold Harefoot. After him are Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor, Béla I of Hungary, Ferdinand I of León, Casimir I the Restorer, Deokjong of Goryeo, Amadeus I, Count of Savoy, Svein Knutsson, Emperor Xingzong of Liao, Edward the Exile, and Naropa. Among people deceased in 1085, Robert Guiscard ranks 2Before him is Pope Gregory VII. After him are Emperor Shenzong of Song, Al-Juwayni, and Cheng Hao.

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In France

Among people born in France, Robert Guiscard ranks 321 out of 5,234Before him are Paul Valéry (1871), Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor (1275), Marie Thérèse of France (1778), Raynald of Châtillon (1123), Jean Arp (1886), and Joseph-Ignace Guillotin (1738). After him are Charles Messier (1730), Chrétien de Troyes (1135), René Goscinny (1926), Marguerite de Navarre (1492), Jean-Michel Jarre (1948), and Adolphe Adam (1803).

Among NOBLEMEN In France

Among noblemen born in France, Robert Guiscard ranks 11Before him are Margaret of Valois (1553), Pope Leo IX (1002), Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême (1775), Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (1674), Marie Thérèse of France (1778), and Raynald of Châtillon (1123). After him are Charles, Count of Valois (1270), Jeanne d'Albret (1528), Philip the Bold (1342), Lucien Bonaparte (1775), Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy (1383), and William IX, Duke of Aquitaine (1071).