Robert Curthose

1054 - 1134

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Robert Curthose or Robert II of Normandy (c. 1051 – 3 February 1134, French: Robert Courteheuse / Robert II de Normandie) was the eldest son of William the Conqueror and succeeded his father as Duke of Normandy in 1087, reigning until 1106. Robert was also an unsuccessful claimant to the throne of the Kingdom of England. The epithet "Curthose" had its origins in the Norman French word courtheuse 'short stockings' and was apparently derived from a nickname given to Robert by his father; the chroniclers William of Malmesbury and Orderic Vitalis reported that William the Conqueror had derisively called Robert brevis-ocrea ("short boot").Robert's reign as Duke is noted for the discord with his brothers William II and Henry I in England. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Robert Curthose has received more than 839,151 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 41 in 2019). Robert Curthose is the 153rd most popular nobleman (down from 130th in 2019), the 832nd most popular biography from France (down from 737th in 2019) and the 30th most popular French Nobleman.

Robert Curthose is most famous for being the Duke of Normandy, and for being the eldest son of William the Conqueror. He was also the father of Henry I of England.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 72.03

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.27

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.06

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among noblemen, Robert Curthose ranks 153 out of 843Before him are Marie Joséphine of Savoy, Bertrada of Laon, Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich of Russia, Alfonso I d'Este, Duke of Ferrara, Ramesses X, and Maximilian Sforza. After him are Giovanni Borgia, 2nd Duke of Gandia, Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, Ramesses IX, and Sorghaghtani Beki.

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Among people born in 1054, Robert Curthose ranks 2Before him is Bohemond I of Antioch. After him are Sukjong of Goryeo, Judith of Swabia, Arnulf III, Count of Flanders, Al-Hariri of Basra, Berenguer Ramon II, Count of Barcelona, and George II of Georgia. Among people deceased in 1134, Robert Curthose ranks 4Before him are Norbert of Xanten, Alfonso the Battler, and Magnus I of Sweden. After him are Irene of Hungary, Niels, King of Denmark, and Stephen Harding.

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In France

Among people born in France, Robert Curthose ranks 832 out of 5,234Before him are Georges Picquart (1854), Léon Bourgeois (1851), Jacques Callot (1592), Pierre Méchain (1744), Henri Fantin-Latour (1836), and Jean de La Bruyère (1645). After him are Joseph Babinski (1857), Jean-Pierre Melville (1917), Nicolas Oudinot (1767), Theobald I of Navarre (1201), Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier (1627), and Marina Vlady (1938).

Among NOBLEMEN In France

Among noblemen born in France, Robert Curthose ranks 30Before him are Claude of France (1547), Chlodomer (495), Princess Augusta of Bavaria (1788), Hugh the Great (898), Judith of Bavaria (797), and Bertrada of Laon (720). After him are Arthur I, Duke of Brittany (1187), Stéphanie de Beauharnais (1789), Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon, Duchess of Orléans (1753), Claude, Duke of Guise (1496), Antoine, Duke of Montpensier (1824), and Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy (1435).