PHILOSOPHER

Raymond Aron

1905 - 1983

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Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron (French: [ʁɛmɔ̃ aʁɔ̃]; 14 March 1905 – 17 October 1983) was a French philosopher, sociologist, political scientist, and journalist. Aron is best known for his 1955 book The Opium of the Intellectuals, the title of which inverts Karl Marx's claim that religion was the opium of the people; he argues that Marxism was the opium of the intellectuals in post-war France. In the book, Aron chastised French intellectuals for what he described as their harsh criticism of capitalism and democracy and their simultaneous defense of Marxist oppression, atrocities, and intolerance. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Raymond Aron has received more than 297,444 page views. His biography is available in 46 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 45 in 2019). Raymond Aron is the 258th most popular philosopher, the 666th most popular biography from France (down from 648th in 2019) and the 35th most popular French Philosopher.

Raymond Aron was a French philosopher, sociologist, and historian who is most famous for his contributions to the theory of totalitarianism.

Memorability Metrics

  • 300k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 73.52

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 46

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.15

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.63

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among PHILOSOPHERS

Among philosophers, Raymond Aron ranks 258 out of 1,089. Before him are Otto Weininger, Arcesilaus, Al-Ash'ari, Speusippus, Bias of Priene, and Xenocrates. After him are Moritz Schlick, Bruno Bauer, Roger Garaudy, Al-Jahiz, Shen Kuo, and Priscus.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1905, Raymond Aron ranks 21Before him are Carl David Anderson, Felix Bloch, Vasily Grossman, Arthur Koestler, Raymond Cattell, and Marcel Lefebvre. After him are Fred Trump, Guillermo Stábile, Artem Mikoyan, Emilio Segrè, Max Schmeling, and Franz Ziereis. Among people deceased in 1983, Raymond Aron ranks 14Before him are Idris of Libya, Tennessee Williams, Felix Bloch, Buckminster Fuller, David Niven, and Arthur Koestler. After him are Nikolai Podgorny, Meyer Lansky, Gerhard Barkhorn, Alfred Tarski, Gloria Swanson, and John Fante.

Others Born in 1905

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Others Deceased in 1983

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In France

Among people born in France, Raymond Aron ranks 666 out of 5,234. Before him are Thomas Bangalter (1), Magnentius (303), Paul Langevin (1872), Suzanne Valadon (1865), Marcel Lefebvre (1905), and Alfred Kastler (1902). After him are Adam de la Halle (1245), Louis Renault (1877), Roger Garaudy (1913), Hans Bethe (1906), Dora Maar (1907), and Jean Parisot de Valette (1494).

Among PHILOSOPHERS In France

Among philosophers born in France, Raymond Aron ranks 35Before him are Gabriel Marcel (1889), Gaston Bachelard (1884), Joseph de Maistre (1753), Guy Debord (1931), Jacques Maritain (1882), and Nicole Oresme (1323). After him are Roger Garaudy (1913), François Fénelon (1651), Georges Sorel (1847), Félix Guattari (1930), Roscellinus (1050), and Sebastian Brant (1458).