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Qianlong Emperor

1711 - 1799

Photo of Qianlong Emperor

Icon of person Qianlong Emperor

The Qianlong Emperor [tɕʰjɛ̌nlʊ̌ŋ] (25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799), also known by his temple name Emperor Gaozong of Qing, born Hongli, was the fifth emperor of the Qing dynasty and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper, reigning from 1735 to 1796. The fourth son of the Yongzheng Emperor, he reigned officially from 11 October 1735 to 8 February 1796. In 1796, he abdicated in favour of his son, the Jiaqing Emperor, out of filial piety towards his grandfather, the Kangxi Emperor, who ruled for 61 years, so that he not officially usurp him as the longest-reigning emperor. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Qianlong Emperor has received more than 3,595,742 page views. His biography is available in 53 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 51 in 2019). Qianlong Emperor is the 333rd most popular politician (down from 316th in 2019), the 21st most popular biography from China (up from 22nd in 2019) and the 12th most popular Chinese Politician.

Qianlong Emperor is most famous for his patronage of the arts and the construction of the Summer Palace in Beijing.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.6M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.64

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 53

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.07

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.19

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Qianlong Emperors by language


Among politicians, Qianlong Emperor ranks 333 out of 15,577Before him are Edward I of England, B. R. Ambedkar, Numa Pompilius, Edward V of England, Charles VIII of France, and Seti I. After him are Leopold II of Belgium, Louis XI of France, Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Yitzhak Rabin, Alexander Dubček, and Elagabalus.

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Among people born in 1711, Qianlong Emperor ranks 2Before him is David Hume. After him are Mikhail Lomonosov, Roger Joseph Boscovich, William IV, Prince of Orange, Laura Bassi, Barbara of Portugal, Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg, Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont, Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, Ablai Khan, and Georg Wilhelm Richmann. Among people deceased in 1799, Qianlong Emperor ranks 2Before him is George Washington. After him are Pope Pius VI, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Pierre Beaumarchais, Tipu Sultan, Joseph Black, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, Heshen, Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria, and Horace Bénédict de Saussure.

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In China

Among people born in China, Qianlong Emperor ranks 21 out of 1,392Before him are Hu Jintao (1942), Empress Dowager Cixi (1835), Chiang Kai-shek (1887), Du Fu (712), Cao Cao (155), and Wu Zetian (624). After him are Ip Man (1893), Xuanzang (602), Cai Lun (48), Lü Bu (161), Guan Yu (162), and Kangxi Emperor (1654).


Among politicians born in China, Qianlong Emperor ranks 12Before him are Kublai Khan (1215), Xi Jinping (1953), Puyi (1906), Hu Jintao (1942), Empress Dowager Cixi (1835), and Wu Zetian (624). After him are Kangxi Emperor (1654), Liu Bei (161), Yongle Emperor (1360), Emperor Gaozu of Han (-256), Hongwu Emperor (1328), and Jiang Zemin (1926).