Qianlong Emperor

1711 - 1799

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Icon of person Qianlong Emperor

The Qianlong Emperor (25 September 1711 – 7 February 1799) was the fifth Emperor of the Qing dynasty, and the fourth Qing emperor to rule over China proper, reigned from 1735 to 1796. Born Hongli, the fourth son of the Yongzheng Emperor, he reigned officially from 11 October 1735 to 8 February 1796. In 1796, he abdicated in favour of his son, the Jiaqing Emperor—a filial act in order not to reign longer than his grandfather, the Kangxi Emperor, who ruled for 61 years. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Qianlong Emperor has received more than 2,662,405 page views. His biography is available in 51 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 50 in 2019). Qianlong Emperor is the 316th most popular politician (up from 382nd in 2019), the 22nd most popular biography from China (up from 29th in 2019) and the 13th most popular Chinese Politician.

Qianlong Emperor is most famous for his patronage of the arts and the construction of the Summer Palace in Beijing.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 81.22

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 51

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.70

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.22

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Qianlong Emperors by language


Among politicians, Qianlong Emperor ranks 316 out of 15,710Before him are Edward IV of England, Ferdinand I of Austria, Louis XI of France, Kangxi Emperor, Gerald Ford, and Djoser. After him are Philip V of Spain, Tolui, Bhumibol Adulyadej, Charles II of Spain, Ahmed II, and Haile Selassie.

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Among people born in 1711, Qianlong Emperor ranks 2Before him is David Hume. After him are Mikhail Lomonosov, Roger Joseph Boscovich, Laura Bassi, William IV, Prince of Orange, Barbara of Portugal, Wenzel Anton, Prince of Kaunitz-Rietberg, Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont, Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine, Ablai Khan, and William Boyce. Among people deceased in 1799, Qianlong Emperor ranks 3Before him are George Washington and Pope Pius VI. After him are Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Pierre Beaumarchais, Lazzaro Spallanzani, Joseph Black, Tipu Sultan, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, Victoire of France, Étienne-Louis Boullée, and Horace Bénédict de Saussure.

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In China

Among people born in China, Qianlong Emperor ranks 22 out of 1,186Before him are Empress Dowager Cixi (1835), Ip Man (1893), Wu Zetian (624), Xi Jinping (1953), Hu Jintao (1942), and Kangxi Emperor (1654). After him are Mencius (-372), Xuanzang (602), Cai Lun (48), Zhuge Liang (181), Liu Bei (161), and Guan Yu (162).


Among politicians born in China, Qianlong Emperor ranks 13Before him are Puyi (1906), Empress Dowager Cixi (1835), Wu Zetian (624), Xi Jinping (1953), Hu Jintao (1942), and Kangxi Emperor (1654). After him are Liu Bei (161), Hongwu Emperor (1328), Jiang Zemin (1926), Yongle Emperor (1360), Emperor Taizong of Tang (598), and Emperor Gaozu of Han (-256).