Pope Pius XII

1876 - 1958

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Pope Pius XII (Italian: Pio XII), born Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli (Italian pronunciation: [euˈdʒɛːnjo maˈriːa dʒuˈzɛppe dʒoˈvanni paˈtʃɛlli]; 2 March 1876 – 9 October 1958), was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 2 March 1939 until his death in 1958. Before his election to the papacy, he served as secretary of the Department of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, papal nuncio to Germany, and Cardinal Secretary of State, in which capacity he worked to conclude treaties with European and Latin American nations, such as the Reichskonkordat with Nazi Germany.While the Vatican was officially neutral during World War II, the Reichskonkordat and his leadership of the Catholic Church during the war remain the subject of controversy—including allegations of public silence and inaction about the fate of the Jews. Pius employed diplomacy to aid the victims of the Nazis during the war and, through directing the Church to provide discreet aid to Jews and others, saved hundreds of thousands of lives. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pope Pius XII has received more than 2,932,711 page views. His biography is available in 92 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 91 in 2019). Pope Pius XII is the 33rd most popular religious figure (up from 35th in 2019), the 43rd most popular biography from Italy (up from 46th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Italian Religious Figure.

Pope Pius XII was most famous for his efforts to help the Jews during World War II.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.9M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 85.39

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 92

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.23

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.21

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among religious figures, Pope Pius XII ranks 33 out of 2,272Before him are Saint Nicholas, James, son of Zebedee, Jonah, Matthew the Apostle, Pope John Paul I, and John the Apostle. After him are 14th Dalai Lama, Isaac, Saul, Ignatius of Loyola, Anthony of Padua, and Pope Gregory I.

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Among people born in 1876, Pope Pius XII ranks 1After him are Mata Hari, Jack London, Konrad Adenauer, Erich Raeder, Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, Constantin Brâncuși, Wilhelm Pieck, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Pablo Casals, Zewditu, and Alexander I of Serbia. Among people deceased in 1958, Pope Pius XII ranks 1After him are Imre Nagy, Wolfgang Pauli, John B. Watson, Rosalind Franklin, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Roger Martin du Gard, Maurice de Vlaminck, Clinton Davisson, Ernest Lawrence, Tyrone Power, and Lion Feuchtwanger.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Pope Pius XII ranks 43 out of 4,088Before him are Tiberius (-42), Titian (1488), Giacomo Casanova (1725), Florence Nightingale (1820), Pope John Paul I (1912), and Catherine de' Medici (1519). After him are Giacomo Puccini (1858), Mark Antony (-83), Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598), Gioachino Rossini (1792), Marcus Licinius Crassus (-115), and Maria Montessori (1870).


Among religious figures born in Italy, Pope Pius XII ranks 3Before him are Francis of Assisi (1182) and Pope John Paul I (1912). After him are Pope Gregory I (540), Romulus Augustulus (460), Benedict of Nursia (480), Pope Clement VII (1478), Pope John XXIII (1881), Saint Valentine (226), Pope Julius II (1443), Pope Pius XI (1857), and Pope Pius IX (1792).