Pope Leo XI

1535 - 1605

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Pope Leo XI (Italian: Leone XI; 2 June 1535 – 27 April 1605), born Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 1 April 1605 to his death. His pontificate is one of the briefest in history, having lasted under a month. He was from the prominent House of Medici originating from Florence. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pope Leo XI has received more than 359,069 page views. His biography is available in 76 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 74 in 2019). Pope Leo XI is the 136th most popular religious figure (up from 154th in 2019), the 158th most popular biography from Italy (up from 194th in 2019) and the 46th most popular Religious Figure.

Pope Leo X is most famous for his excommunication of Martin Luther, the founder of Protestantism.

Memorability Metrics

  • 360k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.15

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 76

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 14.36

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.83

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among religious figures, Pope Leo XI ranks 136 out of 2,238Before him are Clare of Assisi, Agnes of Rome, Pope Leo XII, John Bosco, Pope Pius VI, and Saint Blaise. After him are Pope Clement XII, Pope Benedict XIV, Pope Sixtus V, Pope Martin V, Barnabas, and Pope Clement XIV.

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Among people born in 1535, Pope Leo XI ranks 1After him are Pope Gregory XIV, Sofonisba Anguissola, Joanna of Austria, Princess of Portugal, Giambattista della Porta, Federico Barocci, Alessandro Allori, Titu Cusi, Shimazu Yoshihiro, Luis de Molina, Martin Frobisher, and Sayri Túpac. Among people deceased in 1605, Pope Leo XI ranks 3Before him are Akbar and Pope Clement VIII. After him are Boris Godunov, Handan Sultan, Feodor II of Russia, Jean Nicot, John Davis, Ulisse Aldrovandi, Theodore Beza, Johann II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, and Naresuan.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Pope Leo XI ranks 158 out of 4,668Before him are John Bosco (1815), Gaetano Donizetti (1797), Pope Pius VI (1717), Gina Lollobrigida (1927), Tomaso Albinoni (1671), and Marcello Mastroianni (1924). After him are Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922), Carlo Collodi (1826), Pope Clement XII (1652), Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632), Luchino Visconti (1906), and Pope Benedict XIV (1675).


Among religious figures born in Italy, Pope Leo XI ranks 46Before him are Pope Pius II (1405), Clare of Assisi (1193), Agnes of Rome (291), Pope Leo XII (1760), John Bosco (1815), and Pope Pius VI (1717). After him are Pope Clement XII (1652), Pope Benedict XIV (1675), Pope Sixtus V (1520), Pope Martin V (1369), Pope Clement XIV (1705), and Catherine of Siena (1347).