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Plutarch (; Greek: Πλούταρχος, Ploútarchos; Koine Greek: [ˈplutarkʰos]; c. AD 46 – after AD 119) was a Greek Middle Platonist philosopher, historian, biographer, essayist, and priest at the Temple of Apollo in Delphi. He is known primarily for his Parallel Lives, a series of biographies of illustrious Greeks and Romans, and Moralia, a collection of essays and speeches. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Plutarch has received more than 2,687,860 page views. His biography is available in 93 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 92 in 2019). Plutarch is the 37th most popular philosopher (down from 36th in 2019), the 17th most popular biography from Greece and the 7th most popular Greek Philosopher.

Plutarch is most famous for his Parallel Lives, a series of biographies that compare the lives of famous Greeks and Romans.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 85.27

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 93

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.82

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.70

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Plutarches by language


Among philosophers, Plutarch ranks 37 out of 1,089Before him are David Hume, Laozi, Martin Heidegger, Søren Kierkegaard, Auguste Comte, and Sun Tzu. After him are Al-Ghazali, Michel de Montaigne, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Maria Montessori, Parmenides, and Origen.

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Among people born in 46, Plutarch ranks 1 Among people deceased in 127, Plutarch ranks 1

Others Born in 46

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Others Deceased in 127

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Plutarch ranks 17 out of 855Before him are Pericles (-494), Democritus (-460), Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1921), El Greco (1541), Philip II of Macedon (-382), and Aristophanes (-448). After him are Euripides (-480), Kösem Sultan (1590), Phidias (-490), Thucydides (-460), Sappho (-630), and Aeschylus (-525).


Among philosophers born in Greece, Plutarch ranks 7Before him are Aristotle (-384), Plato (-427), Socrates (-470), Pythagoras (-570), Epicurus (-341), and Democritus (-460). After him are Protagoras (-486), Gorgias (-483), Theophrastus (-371), Pyrrho (-365), Antisthenes (-445), and Leucippus (-500).