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Plutarch (; Greek: Πλούταρχος, Ploútarchos; Koine Greek: [ˈplutarkʰos]; c. AD 46 – after AD 119) was a Greek Middle Platonist philosopher, historian, biographer, essayist, and priest at the Temple of Apollo in Delphi. He is known primarily for his Parallel Lives, a series of biographies of illustrious Greeks and Romans, and Moralia, a collection of essays and speeches. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Plutarch has received more than 2,923,867 page views. His biography is available in 96 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 93 in 2019). Plutarch is the 43rd most popular philosopher (down from 37th in 2019), the 22nd most popular biography from Greece (down from 17th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Greek Philosopher.

Plutarch is most famous for his Parallel Lives, a series of biographies that compare the lives of famous Greeks and Romans.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.9M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 80.42

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 96

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.79

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.82

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Plutarches by language


Among philosophers, Plutarch ranks 43 out of 1,081Before him are David Hume, Søren Kierkegaard, Protagoras, Thomas More, Maria Montessori, and Sun Tzu. After him are Michel de Montaigne, Origen, Al-Farabi, Ludwig Wittgenstein, John Amos Comenius, and Zeno of Elea.

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Among people born in 46, Plutarch ranks 1 Among people deceased in 127, Plutarch ranks 1

Others Born in 46

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Others Deceased in 127

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Plutarch ranks 22 out of 936Before him are Spartacus (-109), Aristophanes (-448), Euripides (-480), Protagoras (-486), Philip II of Macedon (-382), and Sappho (-630). After him are El Greco (1541), Thucydides (-460), Phidias (-490), Bayezid II (1447), Nurbanu Sultan (1525), and Xenophon (-430).


Among philosophers born in Greece, Plutarch ranks 8Before him are Plato (-427), Socrates (-470), Pythagoras (-570), Democritus (-460), Epicurus (-341), and Protagoras (-486). After him are Gorgias (-483), Leucippus (-500), Theophrastus (-371), Pyrrho (-365), Antisthenes (-445), and Isocrates (-436).