15 BC - 45

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Philo of Alexandria (; Ancient Greek: Φίλων, romanized: Phílōn; Hebrew: יְדִידְיָה הַכֹּהֵן‎‎, romanized: Yedidia (Jedediah) HaCohen; c.  20 BCE – c.  50 CE), also called Philo Judaeus, was a Hellenistic Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria, in the Roman province of Egypt. Philo's deployment of allegory to harmonize Jewish scripture, mainly the Torah, with Greek philosophy was the first documented of its kind, and thereby often misunderstood. Many critics of Philo assumed his allegorical perspective would lend credibility to the notion of legend over historicity. Philo often advocated a literal understanding of the Torah and the historicity of such described events, while at other times favoring allegorical readings.Though never properly attributed, Philo's marriage of Jewish exegesis and Stoic philosophy provided a formula later picked up by other Midrash content from the 3rd and 4th centuries C.E. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Philo has received more than 873,249 page views. His biography is available in 56 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 54 in 2019). Philo is the 100th most popular philosopher (up from 106th in 2019), the 37th most popular biography from Egypt (up from 41st in 2019) and the 4th most popular Egyptian Philosopher.

Philo was a Jewish philosopher who lived in Alexandria, Egypt during the 1st century CE. He is most famous for his allegorical interpretations of the Hebrew Bible.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 56

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.70

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.93

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Philo ranks 100 out of 1,089Before him are Isidore of Seville, Athanasius of Alexandria, Al-Kindi, Zhuang Zhou, Gregory of Nazianzus, and Roland Barthes. After him are Theophrastus, Wilhelm von Humboldt, Meister Eckhart, Gilles Deleuze, Ibn Taymiyyah, and Nagarjuna.

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Among people born in 15 BC, Philo ranks 1After him are Germanicus and Polemon II of Pontus. Among people deceased in 45, Philo ranks 1After him is Apion.

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In Egypt

Among people born in Egypt, Philo ranks 37 out of 520Before him are Omar Sharif (1932), Miriam (-1400), Caesarion (-47), Horemheb (-1319), Athanasius of Alexandria (295), and Demis Roussos (1946). After him are Baibars (1223), Cyril of Alexandria (376), Ay (-1380), Naguib Mahfouz (1911), Hagar (-1800), and Menkaure (-2001).


Among philosophers born in Egypt, Philo ranks 4Before him are Origen (185), Plotinus (203), and Athanasius of Alexandria (295). After him are Sextus Empiricus (160), Muhammad Abduh (1849), Ammonius Saccas (175), Saadia Gaon (882), John Philoponus (490), Valentinus (100), Dhul-Nun al-Misri (796), and Olympiodorus the Younger (495).