Philipp Otto Runge

1777 - 1810

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Philipp Otto Runge (German: [ˈʁʊŋə]; 1777–1810) was a German artist, a draftsman, painter, and color theorist. Runge and Caspar David Friedrich are often regarded as the leading painters of the German Romantic movement.: 51 p. : 443 pp.  He is frequently compared with William Blake by art historians, although Runge's short ten year career is not easy to equate to Blake's career.: 38 pp. : 343 pp.  By all accounts he had a brilliant mind and was well versed in the literature and philosophy of his time. He was a prolific letter writer and maintained correspondences and friendships with contemporaries such as Carl Ludwig Heinrich Berger, Caspar David Friedrich, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, Henrik Steffens, and Ludwig Tieck. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Philipp Otto Runge has received more than 186,292 page views. His biography is available in 32 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 30 in 2019). Philipp Otto Runge is the 309th most popular painter (up from 312th in 2019), the 847th most popular biography from Germany (down from 816th in 2019) and the 23rd most popular Painter.

Philipp Otto Runge is most famous for his essay, "The Theory of Colors," which was published in 1810. The essay was one of the first to propose that color is not an objective property of objects, but rather a subjective perception of the human eye.

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Among painters, Philipp Otto Runge ranks 309 out of 1,421Before him are Horace Vernet, Karel van Mander, Pieter Aertsen, Francesco Albani, Alexander Archipenko, and Rosalba Carriera. After him are Hendrik Goltzius, Cosimo Rosselli, Paulus Potter, Alexej von Jawlensky, Carl Spitzweg, and James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

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Among people born in 1777, Philipp Otto Runge ranks 12Before him are Henry Clay, Francis I of the Two Sicilies, Elisa Bonaparte, Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria, Juliette Récamier, and Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse. After him are Nathan Mayer Rothschild, Louis Jacques Thénard, Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, Adélaïde d'Orléans, Bernard Courtois, and Filippo Taglioni. Among people deceased in 1810, Philipp Otto Runge ranks 9Before him are Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Nachman of Breslov, Jean-Georges Noverre, Chevalier d'Éon, Marie Joséphine of Savoy, and Johann Wilhelm Ritter. After him are Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber, Andrianampoinimerina, Andreas Hofer, Charles August, Crown Prince of Sweden, Yekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova, and Jacques-François Menou.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Philipp Otto Runge ranks 847 out of 6,142Before him are Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (1729), Kurt Eisner (1867), Oswald Pohl (1892), John George III, Elector of Saxony (1647), Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse (1777), and Albrecht Mertz von Quirnheim (1905). After him are Wilhelm Kempff (1895), Hendrik Goltzius (1558), Fritz Strassmann (1902), Bruno Walter (1876), Arno Breker (1900), and Bertha Benz (1849).

Among PAINTERS In Germany

Among painters born in Germany, Philipp Otto Runge ranks 23Before him are Franz Stuck (1863), Hans von Aachen (1552), August Macke (1887), Franz Xaver Winterhalter (1805), Max Beckmann (1884), and Anselm Kiefer (1945). After him are Hendrik Goltzius (1558), Carl Spitzweg (1808), Oskar Schlemmer (1888), Max Liebermann (1847), Stefan Lochner (1410), and Lucian Freud (1922).