Philipp Otto Runge

1777 - 1810

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Philipp Otto Runge (German: [ˈʁʊŋə]; 23 July 1777, Wolgast – 2 December 1810, Hamburg) was a Romantic German painter and draughtsman. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Philipp Otto Runge has received more than 164,015 page views. His biography is available in 30 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 29 in 2019). Philipp Otto Runge is the 313th most popular painter (down from 304th in 2019), the 816th most popular biography from Germany (down from 756th in 2019) and the 26th most popular German Painter.

Philipp Otto Runge is most famous for his essay, "The Theory of Colors," which was published in 1810. The essay was one of the first to propose that color is not an objective property of objects, but rather a subjective perception of the human eye.

Memorability Metrics

  • 160k

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  • 70.88

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 30

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.72

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.23

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among painters, Philipp Otto Runge ranks 313 out of 1,428Before him are Bartolommeo Bandinelli, Alexej von Jawlensky, Cosimo Rosselli, Giovanni Paolo Panini, Richard Hamilton, and Séraphine Louis. After him are David Alfaro Siqueiros, Gabriël Metsu, Judith Leyster, Polygnotus, Jan Gossaert, and William Holman Hunt.

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Among people born in 1777, Philipp Otto Runge ranks 11Before him are Henry Clay, Heinrich von Kleist, Francis I of the Two Sicilies, Elisa Bonaparte, Juliette Récamier, and Louis Jacques Thénard. After him are Nathan Mayer Rothschild, Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria, Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse, Filippo Taglioni, Bernard Courtois, and Adélaïde d'Orléans. Among people deceased in 1810, Philipp Otto Runge ranks 9Before him are Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Jean-Georges Noverre, Marie Joséphine of Savoy, Nachman of Breslov, Chevalier d'Éon, and Johann Wilhelm Ritter. After him are Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber, Andrianampoinimerina, Andreas Hofer, Yekaterina Vorontsova-Dashkova, Charles August, Crown Prince of Sweden, and Jacques-François Menou.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Philipp Otto Runge ranks 816 out of 5,289Before him are Ludwig Stumpfegger (1910), Manfred Rommel (1928), Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria (1660), Johannes Trithemius (1462), Robert Aumann (1930), and Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (1557). After him are Wilhelm Windelband (1848), Josef Terboven (1898), Julius Richard Petri (1852), Viktor Lutze (1890), Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (1925), and Günther Lütjens (1889).

Among PAINTERS In Germany

Among painters born in Germany, Philipp Otto Runge ranks 26Before him are Max Beckmann (1884), Lucian Freud (1922), Hans von Aachen (1552), Franz Stuck (1863), Oskar Schlemmer (1888), and Carl Spitzweg (1808). After him are Johann Friedrich Overbeck (1789), Konrad Witz (1400), Adam Elsheimer (1578), Hendrik Goltzius (1558), Stefan Lochner (1410), and Paula Modersohn-Becker (1876).