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Philip II of Macedon

382 BC - 336 BC

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Philip II of Macedon (Greek: Φίλιππος Philippos; 382 – 21 October 336 BC) was the king (basileus) of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia from 359 BC until his death in 336 BC. He was a member of the Argead dynasty, founders of the ancient kingdom, and the father of Alexander the Great. The rise of Macedon, including its conquest and political consolidation of most of Classical Greece during his reign, was achieved by his reformation of the army (the establishment of the Macedonian phalanx that proved critical in securing victories on the battlefield), his extensive use of siege engines, and his use of effective diplomacy and marriage alliances. After defeating the Greek city-states of Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BC, Philip II led the effort to establish a federation of Greek states known as the League of Corinth, with him as the elected hegemon and commander-in-chief of Greece for a planned invasion of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Philip II of Macedon has received more than 3,305,546 page views. His biography is available in 78 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 76 in 2019). Philip II of Macedon is the 113th most popular politician (down from 95th in 2019), the 20th most popular biography from Greece (down from 15th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Greek Politician.

Philip II of Macedon is most famous for his military conquests, which included the conquest of Greece and the Persian Empire. He was also the father of Alexander the Great.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 80.74

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 78

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 13.47

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.45

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Philip II of Macedon ranks 113 out of 15,577Before him are Herod the Great, Hermann Göring, Isabella I of Castile, Yasser Arafat, Pepin the Short, and Louis XIII of France. After him are Hatshepsut, Tiberius, Clovis I, Diocletian, Cyrus the Great, and Mustafa I.

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Among people born in 382 BC, Philip II of Macedon ranks 1After him is Antigonus I Monophthalmus. Among people deceased in 336 BC, Philip II of Macedon ranks 1After him are Amyntas IV of Macedon, Cleopatra Eurydice of Macedon, Arses of Persia, Bagoas, Pausanias of Orestis, Attalus, and Audata.

Others Born in 382 BC

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Others Deceased in 336 BC

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Philip II of Macedon ranks 20 out of 936Before him are Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1921), Aeschylus (-525), Spartacus (-109), Aristophanes (-448), Euripides (-480), and Protagoras (-486). After him are Sappho (-630), Plutarch (46), El Greco (1541), Thucydides (-460), Phidias (-490), and Bayezid II (1447).


Among politicians born in Greece, Philip II of Macedon ranks 4Before him are Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881), Pericles (-494), and Kösem Sultan (1590). After him are Bayezid II (1447), Demosthenes (-384), Leonidas I (-540), Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha (1493), Cleisthenes (-565), Solon (-638), Muhammad Ali of Egypt (1769), and Alcibiades (-450).