Penda of Mercia

606 - 655

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Penda (died 15 November 655) was a 7th-century King of Mercia, the Anglo-Saxon kingdom in what is today the Midlands. A pagan at a time when Christianity was taking hold in many of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, Penda took over the Severn Valley in 628 following the Battle of Cirencester before participating in the defeat of the powerful Northumbrian king Edwin at the Battle of Hatfield Chase in 633.Nine years later, he defeated and killed Edwin's eventual successor, Oswald, at the Battle of Maserfield; from this point he was probably the most powerful of the Anglo-Saxon rulers of the time, laying the foundations for the Mercian Supremacy over the Anglo-Saxon Heptarchy. He repeatedly defeated the East Angles and drove Cenwalh the king of Wessex into exile for three years. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Penda of Mercia has received more than 356,874 page views. His biography is available in 37 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 35 in 2019). Penda of Mercia is the 4,343rd most popular politician (up from 5,271st in 2019), the 978th most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 1,114th in 2019) and the 166th most popular British Politician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 360k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 68.70

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 37

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.11

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.71

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Penda of Mercias by language


Among politicians, Penda of Mercia ranks 4,343 out of 15,710Before him are Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Saxony, Archduke Rainer Joseph of Austria, Albert I, Duke of Bavaria, Dardanus, Lee Hsien Loong, and Zeng Guofan. After him are Ata-Malik Juvayni, Axayacatl, Princess Marie Isabelle of Orléans, Pithana, George Papandreou, and Nobuyuki Abe.

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Among people born in 606, Penda of Mercia ranks 1After him are Chintila, Rothari, and Abbad ibn Bishr. Among people deceased in 655, Penda of Mercia ranks 2Before him is Pope Martin I.

Others Born in 606

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Others Deceased in 655

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Penda of Mercia ranks 978 out of 6,924Before him are Derek Barton (1918), Dirk Bogarde (1921), Bob Hope (1903), Oliver Smithies (1925), Henry Royce (1863), and David Hamilton (1933). After him are Charles George Gordon (1833), Jeremy Brett (1933), Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset (1519), George Shaw (1751), Alasdair MacIntyre (1929), and Lee Child (1954).

Among POLITICIANS In United Kingdom