Paul Éluard

1895 - 1952

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Paul Éluard (French: [elɥar]), born Eugène Émile Paul Grindel ([ɡʁɛ̃dɛl]; 14 December 1895 – 18 November 1952), was a French poet and one of the founders of the Surrealist movement. In 1916, he chose the name Paul Éluard, a patronymic borrowed from his maternal grandmother. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Paul Éluard has received more than 421,550 page views. His biography is available in 52 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 51 in 2019). Paul Éluard is the 383rd most popular writer (up from 454th in 2019), the 435th most popular biography from France (up from 511th in 2019) and the 69th most popular French Writer.

Paul Éluard is most famous for his poems and his love affair with the artist Gala.

Memorability Metrics

  • 420k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.82

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 52

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.19

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.59

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

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Among writers, Paul Éluard ranks 383 out of 5,794Before him are Hector Malot, Jami, Henning Mankell, Beatrix Potter, Patrick Modiano, and Marguerite Yourcenar. After him are Czesław Miłosz, Philip Roth, Georges Bataille, Louise de La Vallière, Alvin Toffler, and Ahmad Yasawi.

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Among people born in 1895, Paul Éluard ranks 18Before him are Max Horkheimer, J. Edgar Hoover, Ernst Jünger, Paul Hindemith, Rudolph Valentino, and Amin al-Husseini. After him are Semyon Timoshenko, Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, Folke Bernadotte, Wilm Hosenfeld, Aleksandr Vasilevsky, and Sergei Yesenin. Among people deceased in 1952, Paul Éluard ranks 8Before him are Knut Hamsun, George VI, John Dewey, Eva Perón, Alexandra Kollontai, and Chaim Weizmann. After him are Wilm Hosenfeld, Benedetto Croce, Karen Horney, Walter Schellenberg, Sven Hedin, and Elena of Montenegro.

Others Born in 1895

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In France

Among people born in France, Paul Éluard ranks 435 out of 5,234Before him are Abraham de Moivre (1667), Hippolyte Taine (1828), Pierre Gassendi (1592), Aristide Briand (1862), Patrick Modiano (1945), and Robert Delaunay (1885). After him are Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729), Alain Prost (1955), Urbain Le Verrier (1811), Raymond Kopa (1931), Georges Bataille (1897), and Louis, Dauphin of France (1729).

Among WRITERS In France

Among writers born in France, Paul Éluard ranks 69Before him are Jacques Prévert (1900), Alphonse de Lamartine (1790), Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet (1627), Auguste Escoffier (1847), Hector Malot (1830), and Patrick Modiano (1945). After him are Georges Bataille (1897), Louise de La Vallière (1644), Maurice Leblanc (1864), Françoise Sagan (1935), Pierre Beaumarchais (1732), and Jacques Hébert (1757).