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Padmasambhava ("Born from a Lotus"), also known as Guru Rinpoche (Precious Guru) and the Lotus from Oḍḍiyāna, was a tantric Buddhist Vajra master from India who taught Vajrayana in Tibet (circa 8th – 9th centuries). According to some early Tibetan sources like the Testament of Ba, he came to Tibet in the 8th century and helped construct Samye Monastery, the first Buddhist monastery in Tibet. However, little is known about the actual historical figure other than his ties to Vajrayana and Indian Buddhism.Padmasambhava later came to be viewed as a central figure in the transmission of Buddhism to Tibet. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Padmasambhava has received more than 1,115,596 page views. His biography is available in 50 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 49 in 2019). Padmasambhava is the 163rd most popular philosopher (up from 172nd in 2019), the 34th most popular biography from India (up from 59th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Indian Philosopher.

Padmasambhava is most famous for the creation of the Tibetan alphabet and the introduction of Buddhism to Tibet.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 69.92

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 50

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.24

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.32

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Padmasambhava ranks 163 out of 1,081Before him are Ernst Cassirer, Christian Wolff, Adam Weishaupt, Ferdinand Tönnies, Max Stirner, and Mikhail Bakhtin. After him are Alcuin, Cesare Beccaria, Carl Schmitt, Friedrich Schleiermacher, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Marshall McLuhan.

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Among people born in 717, Padmasambhava ranks 1 Among people deceased in 762, Padmasambhava ranks 2Before him is Li Bai. After him are Emperor Xuanzong of Tang, Emperor Suzong of Tang, and Vineh of Bulgaria.

Others Born in 717

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Others Deceased in 762

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In India

Among people born in India, Padmasambhava ranks 34 out of 1,493Before him are Kabir (1440), Adi Shankara (788), Valmiki (-80), Aryabhata (476), Aurangzeb (1618), and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888). After him are Amartya Sen (1933), Mahavira (-599), Julie Christie (1940), Rani of Jhansi (1828), Jahangir (1569), and Brahmagupta (598).


Among philosophers born in India, Padmasambhava ranks 8Before him are Nagarjuna (150), Bodhidharma (483), Swami Vivekananda (1863), Jiddu Krishnamurti (1895), Kabir (1440), and Adi Shankara (788). After him are Vyasa (-390), Aśvaghoṣa (80), Ram Mohan Roy (1772), Paramahansa Yogananda (1893), Ramana Maharshi (1879), and Sri Aurobindo (1872).