717 - 762

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Padmasambhava ("Born from a Lotus"), also known as Guru Rinpoche (Precious Guru) and the Lotus from Oḍḍiyāna, was an tantric Buddhist Vajra master from India who may have taught Vajrayana in Tibet (circa 8th - 9th centuries). According to some early Tibetan sources like the Testament of Ba, he came to Tibet in the 8th century and helped construct Samye Monastery, the first Buddhist monastery in Tibet. However, little is known about the actual historical figure other than his ties to Vajrayana.Padmasambhava later came to be viewed as a central figure in the transmission of Buddhism to Tibet. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Padmasambhava has received more than 936,617 page views. His biography is available in 49 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 46 in 2019). Padmasambhava is the 172nd most popular philosopher (up from 179th in 2019), the 59th most popular biography from China (up from 66th in 2019) and the 8th most popular Chinese Philosopher.

Padmasambhava is most famous for the creation of the Tibetan alphabet and the introduction of Buddhism to Tibet.

Memorability Metrics

  • 940k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 76.80

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 49

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.52

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.42

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Padmasambhavas by language


Among philosophers, Padmasambhava ranks 172 out of 1,089Before him are Paul Ricœur, Jean Buridan, Ernest Renan, Athanasius Kircher, Christian Wolff, and Ferdinand Tönnies. After him are Max Scheler, Porphyry, Josef Breuer, John Scotus Eriugena, George Herbert Mead, and Max Stirner.

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Among people born in 717, Padmasambhava ranks 1 Among people deceased in 762, Padmasambhava ranks 2Before him is Li Bai. After him are Emperor Xuanzong of Tang, Emperor Suzong of Tang, and Vineh of Bulgaria.

Others Born in 717

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Others Deceased in 762

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In China

Among people born in China, Padmasambhava ranks 59 out of 1,186Before him are Xiang Yu (-232), Liu Shaoqi (1898), Jiaqing Emperor (1760), Emperor Gaozu of Tang (566), Gao Xingjian (1940), and Guangxu Emperor (1871). After him are Zhang Fei (167), Emperor Yao (-2324), Mahmud al-Kashgari (1029), Wanli Emperor (1563), Emperor Xuanzong of Tang (685), and Jiang Qing (1914).


Among philosophers born in China, Padmasambhava ranks 8Before him are Laozi (-604), Sun Tzu (-543), Mencius (-372), Zhuang Zhou (-369), Zhu Xi (1130), and Mozi (-470). After him are Han Fei (-280), Xun Kuang (-313), Milarepa (1052), Shen Kuo (1031), Huineng (638), and Wang Yangming (1472).