Ornette Coleman

1930 - 2015

Photo of Ornette Coleman

Icon of person Ornette Coleman

Randolph Denard Ornette Coleman (March 9, 1930 – June 11, 2015) was an American jazz saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter, and composer known as a principal founder of the free jazz genre, a term derived from his 1960 album Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation. His pioneering performances often abandoned the chordal and harmony-based structure found in bebop, instead emphasizing a jarring and avant-garde approach to improvisation.Born in Fort Worth, Texas, Coleman began his musical career playing in local R&B and bebop groups, and eventually formed his own group in Los Angeles featuring members such as Ed Blackwell, Don Cherry, Charlie Haden, and Billy Higgins. In 1959, he released the controversial album The Shape of Jazz to Come and began a long residency at the Five Spot jazz club in New York City. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ornette Coleman has received more than 957,096 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 41 in 2019). Ornette Coleman is the 295th most popular musician (down from 240th in 2019), the 1,606th most popular biography from United States (down from 1,292nd in 2019) and the 86th most popular American Musician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 960k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 68.19

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.66

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.02

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Ornette Colemen by language


Among musicians, Ornette Coleman ranks 295 out of 2,675Before him are Nick Cave, Leopold Auer, Art Tatum, Gustavo Santaolalla, Émile Waldteufel, and Johann Friedrich Franz Burgmüller. After him are Burt Bacharach, Woody Guthrie, Bo Diddley, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Wallace Hartley, and Nicko McBrain.

Most Popular Musicians in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1930, Ornette Coleman ranks 105Before him are Yves Rocher, Martin Karplus, Michal Kováč, Choe Yong-rim, Mario Adorf, and Frank Drake. After him are James Irwin, José Sarney, Son Sen, Toru Takemitsu, Barbara, and Mary Quant. Among people deceased in 2015, Ornette Coleman ranks 76Before him are Rod Taylor, Georges Wolinski, Zhelyu Zhelev, Gabriele Ferzetti, Yaşar Kemal, and Boris Nemtsov. After him are Diana Douglas, Wayne Dyer, Franzl Lang, Dettmar Cramer, Alfred G. Gilman, and Patrick Macnee.

Others Born in 1930

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 2015

Go to all Rankings

In United States

Among people born in United States, Ornette Coleman ranks 1,606 out of 15,968Before him are Henry Heimlich (1920), Jeffrey Dahmer (1960), William Standish Knowles (1917), Benjamin Lee Whorf (1897), Sam Loyd (1841), and Charles G. Dawes (1865). After him are John Backus (1924), Burt Bacharach (1928), Harold Ramis (1944), Grace Zabriskie (1941), Loretta Young (1913), and Emilio Estevez (1962).

Among MUSICIANS In United States

Among musicians born in United States, Ornette Coleman ranks 86Before him are Sonny Rollins (1930), Buddy Rich (1917), Charles Mingus (1922), John Zorn (1953), Izzy Stradlin (1962), and Art Tatum (1909). After him are Burt Bacharach (1928), Woody Guthrie (1912), Bo Diddley (1928), Stevie Ray Vaughan (1954), (1975), and McCoy Tyner (1938).