Nikolaus Otto

1832 - 1891

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Nicolaus August Otto (10 June 1832, Holzhausen an der Haide, Nassau – 26 January 1891, Cologne) was a German engineer who successfully developed the compressed charge internal combustion engine which ran on petroleum gas and led to the modern internal combustion engine. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Nikolaus Otto has received more than 325,413 page views. His biography is available in 58 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 56 in 2019). Nikolaus Otto is the 16th most popular inventor (down from 15th in 2019), the 96th most popular biography from Germany (up from 99th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular German Inventor.

Nikolaus Otto is most famous for his invention of the four-stroke internal combustion engine.

Memorability Metrics

  • 330k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 81.22

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 58

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 17.00

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.14

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among inventors, Nikolaus Otto ranks 16 out of 355Before him are Rudolf Diesel, Louis Braille, Charles Babbage, Louis Daguerre, George Stephenson, and Samuel Morse. After him are Cai Lun, Nicéphore Niépce, Samuel Colt, Thomas Newcomen, Werner von Siemens, and Antonio Meucci.

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Among people born in 1832, Nikolaus Otto ranks 4Before him are Édouard Manet, Gustave Eiffel, and Lewis Carroll. After him are Wilhelm Wundt, Gustave Doré, Maximilian I of Mexico, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Edward Burnett Tylor, William Crookes, Louisa May Alcott, and Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld. Among people deceased in 1891, Nikolaus Otto ranks 2Before him is Arthur Rimbaud. After him are Georges Seurat, Herman Melville, Helena Blavatsky, Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Sofia Kovalevskaya, Léo Delibes, Wilhelm Eduard Weber, Georges-Eugène Haussmann, Pedro II of Brazil, and Theo van Gogh.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Nikolaus Otto ranks 96 out of 5,289Before him are Erik Erikson (1902), Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1050), Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (1368), Gottlieb Daimler (1834), Claus von Stauffenberg (1907), and Ernst Haeckel (1834). After him are Leopold Mozart (1719), Heinrich Böll (1917), William Herschel (1738), Wilhelm Wundt (1832), Theodor W. Adorno (1903), and Walter Benjamin (1892).

Among INVENTORS In Germany

Among inventors born in Germany, Nikolaus Otto ranks 3Before him are Johannes Gutenberg (1394) and Karl Benz (1844). After him are Werner von Siemens (1816), Karl Ferdinand Braun (1850), Konrad Zuse (1910), Wilhelm Maybach (1846), Karl Drais (1785), Emile Berliner (1851), Adam Opel (1837), Hans Lippershey (1570), and Joseph Pilates (1883).