Nicolas Steno

1638 - 1686

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Niels Steensen (Danish: Niels Steensen; Latinized to Nicolaus Steno or Nicolaus Stenonius; 1 January 1638 – 25 November 1686 [NS: 11 January 1638 – 5 December 1686]) was a Danish scientist, a pioneer in both anatomy and geology who became a Catholic bishop in his later years. Steensen was trained in the classical texts on science; however, by 1659 he seriously questioned accepted knowledge of the natural world. Importantly he questioned explanations for tear production, the idea that fossils grew in the ground and explanations of rock formation. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Nicolas Steno has received more than 319,991 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 41 in 2019). Nicolas Steno is the 4th most popular geologist (down from 3rd in 2019), the 53rd most popular biography from Denmark (down from 47th in 2019) and the most popular Danish Geologist.

Nicolas Steno was a Danish anatomist and geologist who is most famous for his work on the structure of the human skull.

Memorability Metrics

  • 320k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 74.81

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.29

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.49

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Nicolas Stenos by language


Among geologists, Nicolas Steno ranks 4 out of 60Before him are Alfred Wegener, Charles Francis Richter, and Charles Lyell. After him are Friedrich Mohs, Milutin Milanković, James Hutton, Andrija Mohorovičić, Inge Lehmann, Francis Beaufort, Eduard Suess, and Abraham Gottlob Werner.

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Among people born in 1638, Nicolas Steno ranks 5Before him are Louis XIV of France, Maria Theresa of Spain, Shunzhi Emperor, and Nicolas Malebranche. After him are Catherine of Braganza, Olympia Mancini, Countess of Soissons, Emperor Go-Sai, Meindert Hobbema, James Gregory, Elisabetta Sirani, and Carlo Fontana. Among people deceased in 1686, Nicolas Steno ranks 3Before him are Otto von Guericke and Louis, Grand Condé. After him are Eleonora Gonzaga, Carlo Dolci, Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie, François Blondel, Landgravine Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel, John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach, Pietro Mengoli, and John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.

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Others Deceased in 1686

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In Denmark

Among people born in Denmark, Nicolas Steno ranks 53 out of 783Before him are Henrik Dam (1895), Frederick IV of Denmark (1671), Queen Anne-Marie of Greece (1946), Frederick I of Denmark (1471), Christian VI of Denmark (1699), and Johannes V. Jensen (1873). After him are Arne Jacobsen (1902), Carl Nielsen (1865), Tollund Man (-400), Abel, King of Denmark (1218), Anne of Denmark (1574), and Gerda Wegener (1886).

Among GEOLOGISTS In Denmark

Among geologists born in Denmark, Nicolas Steno ranks 1After him are Inge Lehmann (1888).