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Nicholas II of Russia

1868 - 1918

Photo of Nicholas II of Russia

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Nicholas II or Nikolai II Alexandrovich Romanov (18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1868 – 17 July 1918), known in the Russian Orthodox Church as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer, was the last Emperor of Russia, King of Congress Poland and Grand Duke of Finland, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his abdication on 15 March 1917. During his reign, Nicholas gave support to the economic and political reforms promoted by his prime ministers, Sergei Witte and Pyotr Stolypin. He advocated modernization based on foreign loans and close ties with France, but resisted giving the new parliament (the Duma) major roles. Ultimately, progress was undermined by Nicholas's commitment to autocratic rule, strong aristocratic opposition and defeats sustained by the Russian military in the Russo-Japanese War and World War I. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Nicholas II of Russia has received more than 17,992,665 page views. His biography is available in 102 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 99 in 2019). Nicholas II of Russia is the 62nd most popular politician (down from 59th in 2019), the 13th most popular biography from Russia and the 7th most popular Russian Politician.

Nicholas II of Russia is most famous for being the last tsar of Russia, and for being overthrown in the Russian Revolution.

Memorability Metrics

  • 18M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 83.34

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 102

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.56

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.25

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Nicholas II of Russias by language


Among politicians, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 62 out of 15,577Before him are Fidel Castro, Ahmed I, Martin Van Buren, Josip Broz Tito, Benjamin Franklin, and Mehmed the Conqueror. After him are Henry Kissinger, John F. Kennedy, Margaret Thatcher, Caligula, James K. Polk, and Mary I of England.

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Among people born in 1868, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 1After him are Maxim Gorky, Fritz Haber, Karl Landsteiner, Miklós Horthy, Abdulmejid II, Constantine I of Greece, Robert Andrews Millikan, Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, Gichin Funakoshi, and Emanuel Lasker. Among people deceased in 1918, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 1After him are Gustav Klimt, Abdul Hamid II, Claude Debussy, Gavrilo Princip, Mehmed V, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Egon Schiele, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia, Guillaume Apollinaire, Manfred von Richthofen, and Georg Cantor.

Others Born in 1868

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 13 out of 3,262Before him are Yuri Gagarin (1934), Dmitri Mendeleev (1834), Peter the Great (1672), Boris Yeltsin (1931), Anton Chekhov (1860), and Nikita Khrushchev (1894). After him are Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840), Ivan the Terrible (1530), Grigori Rasputin (1869), Alexander Pushkin (1799), Ivan Pavlov (1849), and Wassily Kandinsky (1866).


Among politicians born in Russia, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 7Before him are Vladimir Lenin (1870), Vladimir Putin (1952), Mikhail Gorbachev (1931), Peter the Great (1672), Boris Yeltsin (1931), and Nikita Khrushchev (1894). After him are Ivan the Terrible (1530), Kim Jong-il (1941), Alexander I of Russia (1777), Nicholas I of Russia (1796), Alexander III of Russia (1845), and Yuri Andropov (1914).