Nicholas II of Russia

1868 - 1918

Nicholas II of Russia

Nicholas II or Nikolai II Alexandrovich Romanov (18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1868 – 17 July 1918), known in the Russian Orthodox Church as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer, was the last Emperor of All Russia, ruling from November 1894 until his abdication in March 1917. During his reign, Russia embarked on a series of reforms including the introduction of civil liberties, literacy programs, state representation, and initiatives to modernize the empire's infrastructure. Ultimately, this progress was undermined by Nicholas's commitment to autocratic rule, oppressive policies pursued by his regime, and crushing defeats sustained by the Russian military in the Russo-Japanese War and World War I. By March 1917, public support for Nicholas collapsed and he was forced to abdicate, thereby ending the Romanov dynasty's 300-year rule of Russia. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Nicholas II of Russia has received more than 11,226,006 page views. His biography is available in 95 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 62nd most popular politician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 11M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 82.49

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 95

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.19

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.34

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Nicholas II of Russias by language


Among politicians, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 61 out of 14,801Before him are Selim II, Hammurabi, Justinian I, Saddam Hussein, Nicolae Ceaușescu, and James K. Polk. After him are Trajan, Francisco Franco, Selim I, Kim Il-sung, Henry Kissinger, and Ivan the Terrible.

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Among people born in 1868, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 1After him are Maxim Gorky, Miklós Horthy, Fritz Haber, Karl Landsteiner, Abdulmejid II, Robert Andrews Millikan, Constantine I of Greece, Emanuel Lasker, Gichin Funakoshi, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, and Arnold Sommerfeld. Among people deceased in 1918, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 1After him are Gustav Klimt, Abdul Hamid II, Claude Debussy, Gavrilo Princip, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Egon Schiele, Mehmed V, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia, Georg Cantor, Guillaume Apollinaire, and Georg Simmel.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 13 out of 2,050Before him are Yuri Gagarin (1934), Anton Chekhov (1860), Dmitri Mendeleev (1834), Peter the Great (1672), Nikita Khrushchev (1894), and Alexander Pushkin (1799). After him are Ivan the Terrible (1530), Vladimir Putin (1952), Boris Yeltsin (1931), Ivan Pavlov (1849), Grigori Rasputin (1869), and Wassily Kandinsky (1866).


Among politicians born in Russia, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 5Before him are Vladimir Lenin (1870), Mikhail Gorbachev (1931), Peter the Great (1672), and Nikita Khrushchev (1894). After him are Ivan the Terrible (1530), Vladimir Putin (1952), Boris Yeltsin (1931), Kim Jong-il (1941), Alexander I of Russia (1777), Yuri Andropov (1914), and Alexander III of Russia (1845).

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