Nicholas II of Russia

1868 - 1918

Photo of Nicholas II of Russia

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Nicholas II or Nikolai II Alexandrovich Romanov (18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1868 – 17 July 1918), known in the Russian Orthodox Church as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer, was the last Emperor of Russia, King of Congress Poland and Grand Duke of Finland, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his abdication on 15 March 1917. During his reign, Nicholas gave support to the economic and political reforms promoted by his prime ministers, Sergei Witte and Pyotr Stolypin. He advocated modernization based on foreign loans and close ties with France, but resisted giving the new parliament (the Duma) major roles. Ultimately, progress was undermined by Nicholas's commitment to autocratic rule, strong aristocratic opposition and defeats sustained by the Russian military in the Russo-Japanese War and World War I. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Nicholas II of Russia has received more than 16,175,869 page views. His biography is available in 99 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 95 in 2019). Nicholas II of Russia is the 59th most popular politician (up from 61st in 2019), the 13th most popular biography from Russia and the 5th most popular Russian Politician.

Nicholas II of Russia is most famous for being the last tsar of Russia, and for being overthrown in the Russian Revolution.

Memorability Metrics

  • 16M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 87.21

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 99

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.49

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.11

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Nicholas II of Russias by language


Among politicians, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 59 out of 15,710Before him are Hammurabi, Henry Kissinger, Akhenaten, Saddam Hussein, Franz Joseph I of Austria, and Mary, Queen of Scots. After him are Diocletian, Pontius Pilate, Hurrem Sultan, Benjamin Franklin, Kim Il-sung, and Nebuchadnezzar II.

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Among people born in 1868, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 1After him are Maxim Gorky, Karl Landsteiner, Miklós Horthy, Fritz Haber, Abdulmejid II, Constantine I of Greece, Robert Andrews Millikan, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, Gichin Funakoshi, Gertrude Bell, and Arnold Sommerfeld. Among people deceased in 1918, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 1After him are Gustav Klimt, Claude Debussy, Abdul Hamid II, Gavrilo Princip, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Egon Schiele, Mehmed V, Guillaume Apollinaire, Manfred von Richthofen, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia, and Georg Cantor.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 13 out of 2,688Before him are Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840), Dmitri Mendeleev (1834), Anton Chekhov (1860), Peter the Great (1672), Alexander Pushkin (1799), and Vladimir Putin (1952). After him are Ivan the Terrible (1530), Nikita Khrushchev (1894), Ivan Pavlov (1849), Grigori Rasputin (1869), Boris Yeltsin (1931), and Igor Stravinsky (1882).


Among politicians born in Russia, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 5Before him are Vladimir Lenin (1870), Mikhail Gorbachev (1931), Peter the Great (1672), and Vladimir Putin (1952). After him are Ivan the Terrible (1530), Nikita Khrushchev (1894), Boris Yeltsin (1931), Kim Jong-il (1941), Alexander I of Russia (1777), Nicholas I of Russia (1796), and Alexander III of Russia (1845).