Niccolò Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

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Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli ( MAK-ee-ə-VEL-ee, US also MAHK-, Italian: [nikkoˈlɔ mmakjaˈvɛlli]; 3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527), occasionally rendered in English as Nicholas Machiavel ( MAK-ee-ə-vel, US also MAHK-; see below), was an Italian diplomat, author, philosopher and historian who lived during the Renaissance. He is best known for his political treatise The Prince (Il Principe), written in about 1513 but not published until 1532. He has often been called the father of modern political philosophy and political science.For many years he served as a senior official in the Florentine Republic with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Niccolò Machiavelli has received more than 9,814,790 page views. His biography is available in 136 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 131 in 2019). Niccolò Machiavelli is the 12th most popular philosopher (down from 11th in 2019), the 12th most popular biography from Italy and the most popular Philosopher.

Niccolò Machiavelli is most famous for his book The Prince, which is a guide for rulers on how to maintain power.

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Among philosophers, Niccolò Machiavelli ranks 12 out of 1,081Before him are René Descartes, Gautama Buddha, Immanuel Kant, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Avicenna, and John Locke. After him are Friedrich Nietzsche, Francis Bacon, Augustine of Hippo, Thales of Miletus, Thomas Aquinas, and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.

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Among people born in 1469, Niccolò Machiavelli ranks 1After him are Manuel I of Portugal, Guru Nanak, Gian Galeazzo Sforza, Thomas Cajetan, John Fisher, Rodrigo de Triana, Ishak Pasha, Elia Levita, Francesco Granacci, and Laura Cereta. Among people deceased in 1527, Niccolò Machiavelli ranks 1After him are Charles III, Duke of Bourbon, Diego Columbus, Juan de Grijalva, Charles de Lannoy, 1st Prince of Sulmona, Casimir, Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, Christoph I, Margrave of Baden-Baden, Johann Froben, Rodrigo de Bastidas, Felix Manz, and Catherine of York.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Niccolò Machiavelli ranks 12 out of 4,668Before him are Archimedes (-287), Michelangelo (1475), Dante Alighieri (1265), Augustus (-63), Raphael (1483), and Antonio Vivaldi (1678). After him are Thomas Aquinas (1225), Benito Mussolini (1883), Giuseppe Verdi (1813), Cicero (-106), Virgil (-70), and Commodus (161).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Niccolò Machiavelli ranks 1After him are Thomas Aquinas (1225), Parmenides (-501), Maria Montessori (1870), Zeno of Elea (-490), Empedocles (-490), Lucretius (-94), Pliny the Elder (23), Antonio Gramsci (1891), Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Boethius (480), and Tommaso Campanella (1568).