Nicéphore Niépce

1765 - 1833

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Joseph Nicéphore Niépce (French: [nisefɔʁ njɛps]; 7 March 1765 – 5 July 1833), commonly known or referred to simply as Nicéphore Niépce, was a French inventor, usually credited as the inventor of photography and a pioneer in that field. Niépce developed heliography, a technique he used to create the world's oldest surviving product of a photographic process: a print made from a photoengraved printing plate in 1825. In 1826 or 1827, he used a primitive camera to produce the oldest surviving photograph of a real-world scene. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Nicéphore Niépce has received more than 829,530 page views. His biography is available in 56 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 54 in 2019). Nicéphore Niépce is the 18th most popular inventor (down from 17th in 2019), the 180th most popular biography from France (up from 186th in 2019) and the 4th most popular French Inventor.

Nicéphore Niépce is most famous for his invention of photography in 1826.

Memorability Metrics

  • 830k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 80.28

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 56

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.46

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.62

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among inventors, Nicéphore Niépce ranks 18 out of 355Before him are Charles Babbage, Louis Daguerre, George Stephenson, Samuel Morse, Nikolaus Otto, and Cai Lun. After him are Samuel Colt, Thomas Newcomen, Werner von Siemens, Antonio Meucci, Karl Ferdinand Braun, and Denis Papin.

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Among people born in 1765, Nicéphore Niépce ranks 2Before him is Pope Gregory XVI. After him are William IV of the United Kingdom, Robert Fulton, Pyotr Bagration, Emma, Lady Hamilton, Jacques MacDonald, Charles Felix of Sardinia, Karl Ludwig Harding, Michał Kleofas Ogiński, Princess Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt, and Paolo Ruffini. Among people deceased in 1833, Nicéphore Niépce ranks 1After him are Kaspar Hauser, Ferdinand VII of Spain, Richard Trevithick, Adrien-Marie Legendre, Marie-Antoine Carême, Seraphim of Sarov, Ram Mohan Roy, Hugh Glass, William Wilberforce, Pierre André Latreille, and Jean-Baptiste Jourdan.

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In France

Among people born in France, Nicéphore Niépce ranks 180 out of 5,234Before him are André Breton (1896), Philip VI of France (1293), Louis Bonaparte (1778), Louis X of France (1289), Vilfredo Pareto (1848), and Richard II of England (1367). After him are Pope Urban V (1310), Pope Urban VI (1318), Charles the Bold (1433), Petronius (27), Thérèse of Lisieux (1873), and Charles IV of France (1294).

Among INVENTORS In France

Among inventors born in France, Nicéphore Niépce ranks 4Before him are Rudolf Diesel (1858), Louis Braille (1809), and Louis Daguerre (1787). After him are Denis Papin (1647), Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752), Nicolas Appert (1749), Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot (1725), Louis Blériot (1872), Louis Renault (1877), Jacques de Vaucanson (1709), and Alphonse Bertillon (1853).